Section A: Main
 Section B: Business
 Section B: Sports
 Section C: Bahamian Woman...

Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune.
Uniform Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Publication Date: January 4, 2005
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
oclc - 9994850

Table of Contents
    Section A: Main
        page A 1
        page A 2
        page A 3
        page A 4
        page A 5
        page A 6
        page A 7
        page A 8
        page A 9
        page A 10
        page A 11
        page A 12
    Section B: Business
        page B 1
        page B 2
        page B 3
        page B 4
        page B 5
        page B 6
    Section B: Sports
        page B 7
        page B 8
    Section C: Bahamian Woman and Health
        page C 1
        page C 2
        page C 3
        page C 4
        page C 5
        page C 6
        page C 7
        page C 8
Full Text









Volume: 101 No.34 TUESDAY, JANUARY 4, 2005 PRICE 500



Weather prompts

major delays at NIA

Senior Staff Reporter
NASSAU International Air-
port \%as once again thrown into
chaos on Sunda\ after weather
conditions at Florida airports
and in New Providence caused
major delays during the busy
holiday travel season.

HUNDREDS of passen-
gers waiting to leave Abaco
after their Christmas and
New Year holidays were
held up at Marsh Harbour
Airport yesterday.
Flights into the island
were up to four hours late,
causing many travellers to
miss connecting flights in the
United States.
One passenger told The
Tribune: "I stand to lose
$300 because I cannot make
my next flight. I will have to
face penalties. It's ridicu-
Abaco was affected by a
massive air traffic back-up
in Nassau and Florida.
Bahamasair, Continental
and Air Taxi flights were all
Late yesterday afternoon
a Continental flight touched
down three hours after its
scheduled departure time,
SSEE page 10

Saxons' superstar performance
., -

Passengers had to wait for
hours to depart and became
restless and agitated at lack of
information about their flights.
The Ministry of Transport
and A\iation described the
delays as unavoidable due to air
traffic congestion at NIA over
the past few days, and particu-
larly on January 2 when long
delays were experienced by
"During the Christmas and
New Year holiday season, air
traffic is always very heavy, and
it is therefore anticipated that
flights to the United States and
Canada in particular can expe-
rience delays.
"Further, weather conditions
in eastern North America also
contribute to traffic congestion
in the skies as well as on the
ground at the destination air-
ports to which flights from The
Bahamas are operating," the
ministry said.
Weather conditions at Nas-
sau on January 2 determined
that all flights to and from Nas-
sau were required to operate
under Instrument Flight Rules
(IFR), which contributed to the
delays along with closures and
related traffic restrictions
applied by United States based
air traffic centres.
In addition, wind direction
at Nassau dictated that only one
runway 09/27 could be used for
take-off and landing, with pri-
ority being given to planes in
the air rather than those on the
"These procedures are in
SEE page 10


man is


Senior Staff Reporter
A MAN who was reported
missing before Christmas has
been found dead, police said
Police are also investigating
the new year's first traffic fatal-
ity as well as two shooting inci-
The remains of a man report-
ed missing on December 20,
2004, were found near a corer
off Hanna Road East and
Marigold Road at 2pm on Sun-
Inspector Walter Evans told
The Tribune that the victim has
been identified as Pedro
Demeritte of Stew Fish Drive.
He said the body of Mr
Demeritte was found partially
decomposed and that there
were signs of violence.
"There was some trauma to
the head and the legs were
bound with cable wire," he said.
Inspector Evans said several
people are assisting police in
their investigation.
The first weekend of 2005
also saw a fatal road traffic acci-
dent which claimed the life of a
At 11am on Sunday, while
travelling on Coral Harbour
Road, Patrick Henry Lewis lost
control of his motorbike and
crashed into a roundabout (see
story below).
"The driver had no helmet
and died at the scene due to his
injuries," said Mr Evans.
Police are also investigating a
SEE page 10

Tributes paid to tragic motor-cyclist

FRIENDS last night paid tribute to keen
motor-cyclist Patrick Henry Lewis, who died
on Sunday after losing control of his machine at
Coral Harbour roundabout.
Mr Lewis, 47, whose nickname was "Rock
Man", was killed as he braked on gravel while
riding with a group of fellow bikers along the
airport road.
His Hondatskidded into the bush as Mr Lewis
was thrown on to the island. He suffered broken
legs and severe head injuries. Paramedics
declared the rider, who had no helmet, dead

at the scene.
A neighbour at Huyler Street, Black Village,
described Mr Lewis as a community activist
with genuine enthusiasm for the cultural life of
his neighbourhood.
In 1978, Mr Lewis was on the first Black Vil-
lage Cultural Committee and was also involved
in politics. "Men in the area are crying over his
passing," said the neighbour.
"He was a very loyal friend who participated
in socio-political activities. He had been a
SEE page 10


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.1 .



Message for the world

in natural catastrophe

STHE only ultimate disaster
That can befall us...is to feel
ourselves to be at home here on earth."
The noted British journalist and author
Malcolm Muggeridge wrote those words in
his book, Jesus Rediscovered, and he must
have felt at the time much like the author
of the Negro spiritual who declared, "This
world is not my home!"
As the slave contemplated the futility
of his earthly existence and the unrelenting
injustice of his circumstances, Mr Mug-
geridge confronted the evils of the world as
represented by a parade of twentieth cen-
tury tyrants led by Adolf Hitler and Josef
But the misery inflicted on man by man
is only half the story. Planet Earth, which
sometimes seems so wondrous and entic-
ing, is nevertheless a very hostile place for
living things.
Among these is man who, alone appar-
ently, has the marvellous capacity to reflect
on his existence, and at the same time the
awful challenge to give meaning to his
brief sojourn here.
That stay is short not only in terms of the
biblical three score and ten but also in
terms of his relatively recent appearance
on the planet.
Man has the capacity to envision the
achievement of a state of civilisation on
Earth but most of his energy is wasted in
seeking domination of it in wrong ways.
What is more startling and contradictory is
that the species sometimes seems hell-bent
on self-annihilation.
The planet itself seems oblivious to all
this as it hurtles through space and

"Man has the
'capacity to envision
the achievement of a
state of civilisation on
Earth but most of his
energy is wasted in
seeking domination
of it in wrong ways.
What is more startling
and contradictory is
that the species
sometimes seems
hell-bent on

indulges in its own endless acts of vio-
lence. Man may think he has dominion
but Earth seems to have a mind of its own
- like the computer Hal in 2001 and it is a
mind not well disposed to its passengers.





L ast week as much of the world cel-
ebrated a holy season and pre-
pared to usher in the fifth year'of the 21st
century, the planet shuddered again. In a
master of a few days an earthquake and a
tidal wave brought new misery to millions
while ending the lives of well over a hun-
dred thousand humans.
The tsunami set in motion by the quake
raced across the Indian Ocean wiping out
towns and villages and wreaking havoc in
one of the most densely populated regions
of the world.
Its destructive power was felt thousands
of miles away along the African coast of
Somalia and Keiya.
As the televised reports poured in, it
was clear that the world was in the throes
of a catastrophe of historic proportions.
Scientists have since determined that the
convulsion has affected the speed of Earth-
's rotation and tilted its axis.
* *

he list of natural disasters is long
indeed. We are told that an aster-
oid came crashing onto the planet millions
of years ago creating a long night and

"As the images of
destruction and dead
bodies poured in and
a United Nations
official chided the
developed countries
for stinginess, the
United States and
other developed
countries stepped up
their response."

bringing an end to the domination of the
In the Christian era there is the fasci-
nating case of Pompeii on the Italian
peninsula. Much has been written about
the fate of this fabled city and archaeolo-
gists are still at work there.
In the year 63 much of the city was
destroyed by an earthquake, and in 79 the
volcano Vesuvius erupted and buried Pom-
peii in volcanic ash.
About 2,000 lives were lost but that toll
was comparatively small compared with
what was to come.
One of the worst disasters on record is
an earthquake in China in 1556 that took
over 800,000 lives. China lost another
900,000 in 1887 when the Yellow River
broke its banks.
Heavily populated Bangladesh has also
been a frequent victim of natural disas-
ters. In 1970 it lost 500,000 in a cyclone.
The last big earthquake disaster was only
a year ago in Iran when over 25,000 lives
,were lost.

While the Caribbean is well-
acquainted with hurricanes,
which are seasonal visitors, there has also
been seismic and volcanic activity in the
The most historic, perhaps, is the
destruction of Port Royal in Jamaica in
1692 by an earthquake and a tidal wave.
Then in the 1990s the Soufriere Hills
volcano on Montserrat went into action
dumping volcanic ash on much of the
The British Government considered
evacuating the entire population but many
Montserratians insisted on staying.
The volcano is now a tourist
An article in The Tribune last week alert-
ed Bahamians to the possibility, though
remote, of exposure to a tsunami in the

event of a volcanic eruption in the Canary
Islands off the coast of West Africa.

T wo things have made the Asian
quake and tsunami unique. One
is that the immense loss of life and destruc-
tion of property is spread over a dozen
The other is that unlike great
disasters of ages past the effects of this
one is seen almost immediately and in hor-
rifying detail through the medium of tele-
The amounts of initially announced aid
packages seemed trifling compared to the
enormity of the disaster.
The first prominent American voice
to call for a co-ordinated international
response was that of former president
Bill Clinton in an interview with the
Then as the images of destruction and
dead bodies poured in and a United
Nations official chided the developed
countries for stinginess, the United States
and other developed countries stepped up
their response.
Now it looks as if the world is going to
see the biggest ever international response
to a natural disaster.
One observer interviewed on CNN
pointed out that providing massive aid was
not only the right thing but that it would go
a long way in convincing a nervous and
suspicious Islamic world of the goodwill of
the West.
For the rest of us on planet Earth, the
message is clear.
This may not be our permanent home
but for the time being we are all in the
same boat or spacecraft headed in the
same direction and subject to the same
dangers along the way.
We may not know the mind of the plan-
et. Nevertheless, we must continue to keep
our part of the global vineyard as safe as
possible from natural disasters as well as
human folly, and go to the aid of suffering


M y friend Craig Butler missed the
point in his column of Decem-
ber 24,2004, in The Nassau Guardian when
he suggested that my criticism of that
frontpage tombstone story was due to
anger that the FNM had its lifeline ques-
I did not write in anger over any criticism
of the FNM. I said the article was a fairly
decent piece looking at the performance of
the FNM.
What bothered me was a really shabby
piece of journalism perpetrated by the
country's oldest daily newspaper.



"Lowest Prices
On The Island"



Share your news
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from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.



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{ i




I L I U, J N % I r

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE Boxing Day Junkanoo
parade held on New Year's Day
was marred by tragedy after one
spectator suffered a heart attack
and died while watching the per-
According to police, Perry
Kemp, 48, of Millennium Gar-
dens, was near Solomon Mines
when the incident occurred. He
was assisted by medical person-
nel at the scene.
During the parade, police
arrested one person for posses-
sion of dangerous drugs, two for
unlawfully carrying arms and
four for disorderly behaviour.
Police also took proactive steps
by conducting random searches
on Shirley Street.
Culture Minister Neville Wis-
dom told The Tribune that
despite the sad news of Mr Kem-
p's death, he was pleased that
the parade was well-attended and
with the way it was organised.
He said that while having to
postpone the Boxing Day parade
due to inclement weather pre-
sented its own unique challenges,
he felt the delay added to the
overall excitement and gave the
groups an edge in finishing their
He described the parade as
one of the best Boxing Day
parades ever. "They are the
finest costumes ever created," he
Mr Wisdom also expressed
thanks to the medical fraternity
for their assistance. Following
last year's tragedy, when a Sax-
ons performer died at the start of
the parade, Mr Wisdom said 24
doctors were positioned along
the parade route with three
ambulances at their disposal. He
added that each performer was
insured and each spectator who
paid for a seat was covered as
The Tribune witnessed how
quickly a medical team came to
the rescue of a performer who
fainted in Rawson Square. He
was placed on a stretcher and
rushed to an ambulance.
Mr Wisdom noted that
Junkanoo officials have to seri-
ously analyse the issue of cos-
tume and group size.which seri-
ously affected he lentil of;the:

When The Tribune spoke to
him at 7.15am, there were 16
more entries left to go in the first
lap five hours after the start of
the parade. Officials try to have
at least two laps to judge groups.
He said at that rate, it would be
well into the afternoon before
the parade was finished. In addi-
tion, some costumes were so
large that performers had trouble
carrying them.
Mr Wisdom noted that seat-
ing the crowd continues to be
challenging as most people want
to sit on Bay Street. However,
he said he was pleased that many
Bahamians allowed tourists to
see the parade by either giving up
their seats or allowing visitors to
sit between them.
He said the decision to
announce the winners at five at
Awawak Cay was to avoid judg-
ing problems like those which
occurred last year. Once the
judges' tallies had been counted,
they were escorted by police to
Arawak Cay where the unoffi-
cial results declaring the Saxons
the winners were announced just
before 7pm. They were ahead of
One Family by ten points.
There were seating problems,
however, as The Tribune
observed several-persons who
arrived in Rawson Square with
tickets being told there were no
more seats.
One irate man told ministry
officials: "I don't want to hear
that foolishness, don't even start
that. I paid for these two seats
and I would like the privilege of
sitting there."
Where possible, permanent
secretary Harrison Thompson
tried to assist by directing them to
other areas.
Peter Adderley, public rela-
tions manager of C CUBE, the
company in charge of the bleach-
ers, said it appeared that the pub-
lic announcements that only Box-
ing Day tickets would be hon-
oured on Saturday seemed to
work as New Year's Day
patrons refrained from showing
He said the problem remains
that there are simply not enough
seats to meet demand. He added
that it is sometimes difficult for
ministry and police officials to
man the entry points as they are
only human and often in the
excitement of a group rushing,
unauthorised persons slip

Mr Adderley said that 60 per
cent of tickets available for the
New Year's Day Parade, which
will take place on Friday, have
been sold. He said a small num-
ber of seats are still available inr
Rawson Square and Parliament
Street and advised persons to buy
them as soon as possible.

Show-stopping Saxons take

honours in Boxing Day Parade

CA3dQ6 .) 4JOaa
Established in 1956 by an old Bahamian family
Parliament Street (near Bay St.) Tel: 322-8393 or 328-7157
Fax: 326-9953
Bay Street (next to Athena Caf6) Tel: 323-8240
S Crystal Court at Atlantis, Paradise Island Tel: 363-4161/2
Lyford Cay (next to Lyford Cay Real Estate in
l Harbour Green House) Tel: 362-5235

,9,i !44SAXIONS' energetic performance sealed victory.
(Photo: Feliie Major)

Tribune Staff Reporter

THE Shell Saxons Superstars
dazzled the crowd and the
judges with their portrayal of
Atlantis: From Myth to Reality
to emerge winners of the 2004
Sammy Thompson Boxing Day
Junkanoo parade.
The group's dynamic
entrance on Bay Street during
their first lap had many specta-
tors in Rawson Square scream-
ing "It's over" and "Ain't even
no need to take a second lap,
we got this."
It was clear to spectators that
the Saxons had taken full
advantage of the weather-
induced week-long delay and
the fact that it had been one
full year since rushing on Bay
Street to be at their very best.

Rushing behind a banner
depicting the Atlantis hotel,
group members colourfully
showcased such undersea cre-
ations as the Mayan Temple,
King Scorpion, The Great
Poseidon, the Lagoon Princess,
Wonders of Atlantis and The
Guardian of the Pearl. Dancers
represented different forms of
Second place finishers One
Family presented Asia A
Magical Mystical Journey
depicting costumes inspired by
Indians, Chinese and Japanese
cultures. Leading the way,
dancers played a life-sized
game of Chinese checkers.
Rushing to third place, the
Prodigal Sons presented the
Magical Journey of Marco
Polo, fourth place finishers The
Valley Boys presented the
Many Faces of India, Roots
came fifth with Discovery of
the New World, They Came,
They Saw, They Conquered
and The Music Makers round-
ed out the A category with
Glorious Great Britain featur-
ing a royal coach, Princess
Diana and Elton John. Dancers
depicted the British Royal
The Fancy Dancers captured
the "B" group crown, with its
Tribute to ZNS and important
news stories such as the Sep-
tember 11 terrorism attacks,
the five missing boys on Grand
Bahama and the 2004
Olympics. One Love finished
second followed by Colors and
Conquerors for Christ finished

Group's dynamic


dazzles the crowd

fourth in their inaugural
As expected, Sting was a
much-anticipated group, with
its new song about the Civil
Service. It had one government
member, Investment Minister
Allison Maynard-Gibson,
dressed in police uniform as
part of the group.
The parade was named in
honour of the late Sammy
Thompson, a founding mem-
ber of the Music Makers, who
died last year.
Culture Minister Neville Wis-
dom described him as one of
the "architects of modem day
Junkanoo", noting that he was
instrumental in bringing a new
drumbeat to the Junkanoo
"He was a true Bahamian
and the country is all the better
because of him," he said.
The parade began just after
two Saturday morning after Mr
Thompson's young daughter
cutely said: "The parade is
begin" and the sun was high in
the sky well before the end of
the first lap.
Still that did not deter the
tens of thousands of spectators
who had to wait until New
Year's Day, 2005, to enjoy the
Boxing Day, 2004, Junkanoo
Parade. Many remained in
their seats until almost noon
when things wrapped up.
And on the heels of last
year's New's Year Day judg-
ing controversies, the results of
the parade were announced
shortly before 7pm at Arawak
Cay rather than immediately
after the parade in Rawson
Hundreds of Junkanoo per-
formers and fans celebrated
with the Saxons as they claimed
their win.


..j .

~t~i~C~;I uL1

Located: 19 Patton Street, Old Thompson Trading Building
Palmdale, behind Quiznos off Maderia Street

326-TILE (8453) 326-KING (5464)


I ucou/Ay, JAINlUAM 4, evuz), 1-/Ut j

Spectator dies

of heart attack



AT THE BEST of times Bay Street is a
constant traffic jam. At the worst of times,
which is during the pre-Christmas shopping
days, it is a nightmare that most people try to
It certainly cannot be good for shopkeep-
ers who do most of their business during this
Bay Street desperately needs traffic relief.
And the first consideration should be given to
moving the buses off Bay Street and relo-
cating the taxis on various side streets leading
off the main thoroughfare. The eventual plan
should be to turn Bay Street into the often-
proposed pedestrian shopping area with a
shuttle service, also located on a side street, to
take passengers to the main bus terminal.
A bus terminal is already situated at the
general post office on West Hill Street, but it
is claimed that bus drivers prefer their Bay
Street location, where they line up, one
behind the other, pulling out in front of
motorists, and stopping and starting whenever
and wherever they please to let off and take
on passengers. They create constant traffic
jams, and probably contribute more to a
motorist's high blood pressure than does his
unhealthy diet.
The Ministry of Transport has its hands
full with this group. However, the Ministry's
job is to make decisions that will benefit all
road users and business people, not just a
small, vocal group.
Once a decision has been made then there
should be no options. If the bus terminal is to
be at the post office, then that is where it,
should be. No bus driver should be allowed to
say he doesn't approve of the location, and
then dig his heels in and park himself on Bay
An organised, well run bus service could
benefit everyone. If order were established,
and the standard of bus service and behaviour
on the buses improved, many persons would
be tempted to leave their cars at home and
take the bus. After all it's done in every oth-
er country, why not the Bahamas?
Bus drivers, many of whom lease their
licence plates although they own their buses,
should understand that if they followed a
dress code, conducted themselves as gentle-
men, toned down, if not eliminated, loud
music on their buses, drove with care at a
decent speed and maintained a dependable
timetable, they would get more passengers.
And, as they well understand, more passen-
gers translate into more revenue.
The Ministry should also review its policy
of who is given a bus franchise. The present

system of granting a licence plate to someone
who is not in the business, but just uses it as a
revenue earner, should be stopped. This
would go a long way in eliminating the speed-
ing bus drivers who are hustling business to
first pay the franchise holder for his licence
plate and then hope that by the end of the
Week enough is left over for him to pay his
own bills.
The Ministry is strictly enforcing the rules
in an attempt to convince drivers to raise
their standards. Drivers are being encour-
aged to improve their attitude, their pres-
ence and their presentation, by their dress
and the cleanliness of their buses. Road Traf-
fic also has to improve its inspection of buses
and remove those vehicles from the road that
hurtle down the street belching clouds of
black smoke behind them.
Government should by now have drafted
emission laws to present to the House to
lessen this country's contribution to global
warming. Scientists are blaming last year's
devastating hurricanes on the slight warm-
ing of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
And they predict that, because of global
warming, the hurricane season will be more
devastating as the oceans get even warmer.
And so, it is in our own best interests to make
a contribution by cleaning up the polluted
air around us.
The first place to start is with our vehicles
all vehicles cars, jitneys, taxis, tractors,
construction lorries, and the like.
Last month jitney drivers threatened "a
.massive sit-out" if the Rqad Traffic Deparir
Sent continued its crackdown on what they,
called minor infractions.
The Traffic Department now has the coop-
eration of the police, and the traffic court is
speeding up cases brought before it. Howev-
er, it is understood that because of the atti-
tude of many of the drivers, who appear to
believe that exemptions to the general law of
the road has been specially written for them,
it is too soon to say whether the Traffic
Department's enforcement of the law is bear-
ing fruit.
As someone in the department comment-
ed: It is a matter of keeping behind them
constantly, or else they will slip back.
It would be well for these owners and dri-
vers to get together and agree to forming a
company to offer a well organised bus service
for the whole island.
If not, while they bicker among themselves
and threaten sit-outs, someone else might
step in and replace them by providing a first
class service.

The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEONE. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352

Stop the Bay Street nightmare

NOTICE is hereby given that ESTELA JOHNSON, P.O.BOX
N-7776, NASSAU, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 28TH day of DECEMBER, 2004 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, PO.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.


One Assistant Manager for an OBU. Job would
require complete control of Back Office Operations
and Compliance functions. Experience in AS 400
accounting system and SWIFT essential. Knowledge
of Hindi required. Monthly salary USD 1956/-. Fax
resume to 1-242-326-3969. Mail P.O.Box N-3118,
Nassau, The Bahamas

Whether you are interested in the sea for a career or for
recreation start your training the right way: On
Wednesday, January 5th take the time to attend the free
COURSE offered by The Bahamas School of Marine
Navigation at 7 p.m. at BASRA Headquarters on East
Bay Street then consider enrolling in the 3-month course
designed to impart essential theoretical and practical
navigational skills. For details telephone 364-5987, fax
364-5988 or email pgk434@netscape.net

unaware of the countless stud-
ies that have been done to
show that the vast majority of
prostitutes are circumstantial-
ly trapped in that dehumanis-
ing activity and desire to get
out? Sadly, many prostitutes
cope with the horrors of pros-
titution by using and abusing
alcohol and drugs (and other
destructive means of discon-
necting). So what they need
is a way out of prostitution,
not laws that legalise their sex-
ual toil and give credibility to
"pimps" and "Johns" who are
their modern day slave mas-
I'm not sure if Dr Gomez
and Mrs Bain are aware, but
there is another suggestion
from the Jamaican Ministry
of Health that is far more wor-
thy of their consideration than
Dr Figueroa's.
On November 22,2004, Ali-
son Anderson, CEO of The
Jamaican Child Development
Agency in the Ministry of
Health, announced that they
will be calling on Jamaica's
parliament to raise the age of
sexual consent from 16 to 18
to conform to the United
Nation's definition of a child
(anyone under age 18). Her
comments are readily avail-
able on The Jamaica Infor-
mation Services website,
www.jis.gov.jm, as are Dr
Clearly, if we in The
,Bahamas were to raise the age
of sexual consent.from 16 to
18, and codify severe penal-

ties for adults who prey orI
minors, we will do far more
to combat the spread of
HIV/AIDS than flirting with
the failed experiment of
legalised prostitution. And if
we do so, we will join a largo
number of countries and a
considerable number of states
in the USA, such as Califor4
nia, who see the wisdom in
linking the legal capacity to
consent to sex to the age of
So in this regard, I pray that
the men and women in our
parliament who currently have
the God-given responsibility
of crafting legislation to gov-
ern our nation would resist the
bandwagon experiment of
decriminalising prostitution
and instead embrace the wise,
congruent comments of Miss
Anderson and pass the rele-
vant laws to raise The
Bahamas' age of sexual con-
sent from 16 to 18.
May the Lord help us all to
see that His ways are indeed
higher than our ways and that
when we pass laws to legalise
what He has prohibited, we
like the unconverted Saul of
Tarsus, are unwisely kicking
against the pricks to our own
hurt. And after all, legalising
wrong activities will never
legitimise them.
Further, as He did with
Saul, may the Lord have mer-
cy on us and grant us national
repentance that we so desper-
ately need.
Sr Pastor
Kingdom Life
World Outreach Centire'
December 21, 2004.

EDITOR, The Tribune.
RECENTLY I read com-
ments attributed to Dr Perry
Gomez, Bahamas National
AIDS Programme Director,
and Mrs Rosa Bain, Director,
in support of decriminalising
prostitution. They were echo-
ing the words of Dr Peter
Figueroa, co-ordinator of the
epidemiology and prevention
programme in The Jamaican
Ministry of Health.
While I have no doubt that
Dr Gomez and Mrs Bain's
genuine goal is to curtail the
spread of HIV/AIDS, it would
appear that they are unaware
of or indifferent to God's
unalterable command against
prostitution. In addition, it
seems as though they have not
taken the time to consider the
dark realities and false promis-
es found in countries where
prostitution has been decrim-
In citing a "worthy exam-
ple" for The Bahamas to fol-
low down the legalisation
road, Dr Gomez noted The
Netherlands a country with
a mere four years of experi-
ence (they only recently
legalised prostitution on Octo-
ber 1, 2000). Why did he not
mention Sweden where, after
30 years of legalised prostitu-
tion, in May 1998 it was again
criminalised and remains so?
Yes, after 30 years the Swedes
humbly retraced their steps
and got back on the criminal-
isation road they coura-
geously acknowledged: "We
were wrong." So I wonder:
Whose example w:uld it be
i.ii ier o'b follow, tie Dutch
with four yearsexperience or
the Swedes who have had 30?
Clearly, if we are wise, we
would learn from and follow
the Swedes and avoid the
decriminalising road altogeth-
Beyond the clear evidence
that shouts against legalising
prostitution, I was surprised
and saddened by the appar-
ent ease with which Dr
Gomez and Mrs. Bain
expressed their support for
legalised prostitution. Have
they forgotten that prostitutes
are human beings and
although it might not be their
mother, wife, sister or brother
who is engaged in that horrif-
ic form of human exploitation,
it is some one else's? Are they

Those in authority

must protect our

innocent children

EDITOR, The Tribune.
I READ in absolute disgust and anger the casual atti-
tude displayed by leaders in our community (from the police
straight down to the principal) in regards to the alleged sex-
ual assault of a ten-year-old boy by other ten year olds at a
school in Nassau, that is, if the story reported in one of the
tabloids is at all correct.
And I pray to God the story is not correct, but if it
is correct the reason it is being handled in the way
reported has nothing to do with the nationality of this
If this story is true, we as a society should not be shocked
why there is so much crime and disrespect in our society.
Because when wrong is done depending on who it is, it
appears it goes unaddressed and the criminals or the would-
be criminals believe it is okay to commit these heinous
They believe they are above the law and who can blame
them? It really is a shame.
It was reported that the police were discouraging the par-
ents from pressing charges.
If true, this is absolutely unbelievable.
It was reported that the child who was allegedly assaulted
has been traumatised.
Who is going to allay his fears, who is going to take back
the hurt he felt and is feeling?
Even the children at the school who were not directly
assaulted, but indirectly know of it and see that there was
nothing substantial done.
How unprotected. they must feel. And to add insult to
injury, these boys have not been suspended or rightfully
Can you imagine how the child who was assaulted feels
having to see these boys every day?
If there is any truth to this story, these boys should be sus-
pended immediately and they should be sent to the boys
industrial school for a period of time so that they understand
that behaviour such as what they did is wrong and unac-
ceptable by society.
Else God help us all. Can you imagine what
kind of men they will grow up to be if they are not
Our children are being molested and abused and we as a
society are accepting it because we are turning a blind eye
and deaf ear to the situation.
Today it is someone else, tomorrow it could be you.
People in authority please help our innocent children.

December 16, 2004.

The problems within




THE TRIBUNE requires a Copy and Lay-out Editor
to join a new editing and page design unit covering
all sections of the newspaper.

The successful candidate will become a key player
in The Tribune's continuing development as the
Bahamas' number one daily newspaper.

He or she will be proficient in full colour pagination'
on an Apple-Quark Xpress system and will possess
a bachelor's degree, full professional qualifications
and a proven track record as a copy editor and
page layout specialist.

If you think you qualify, please send a cover letter,
resume and work samples to the Managing Editor,
The Tribune, PO Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas.

A competitive salary, paid vacation and company
medical insurance scheme are on offer to the
successful candidate.

No Phone Calls Please
Our benefits include paid vacation
& medical insurance.

The Tribune

h Broken down tanker

legiaCC action^ CQa T Ar c^ Q r"ta y

CABINET minister
Bradley Roberts last
night threatened media
houses with legal action
if they continue to link
his name with rape alle-
In a statement to all
newspapers and radio
stations in the Bahamas,
he said: "Any such alle-
gation is completely and
utterly false and for you
to publicise the same is
without any legal justifi-
cation or excuse."
The Works and Utili-
ties Minister said he had
instructed his attorneys
"to put themselves in a
state of immediate
readiness" to deal with
this matter.
"I have no intention of
allowing you or anyone
else to assassinate my
reputation and character
by giving currency to
allegations and rumours
that are completely
devoid of any founda-
tion in fact."

In a direct threat to
editors and publishers,
Mr Roberts said: "To
the extent that you have
already defamed me in
any previous reference
to the allegation of rape,
it should be clearly
understood that all my
rights against you and
your organisation are
reserved in full."
Meanwhile, an attor-
ney is urging police to
take action against a
Baptist pastor who, he
claims, has tried to
pervert the course of
justice in relation to the
allegation against Mr
The attorney, Wallace
Rolle, alleged the pastor
invited his client, the
woman complainant, to
his office where it was.
claimed that she was
subjected to pressure to
withdraw her accusa-
Now Mr Rolle has
lodged an official com-
plaint with police, saying
he and his client were
concerned about the
pastor allegedly trying
to pervert the course of
"There was an attempt
to pressure my client to
withdraw the claims
against Mr Roberts. We
believe that is inappro-
priate and constituted
an offence," he told The

"We have asked the
police to investigate and
we expect charges to be
filed against this Baptist
minister. We do not wish
to provide the name of
the minister at this time
so that police may con-
duct their investigation."
Mr Rolle alleged that
the meeting took place
on New Year's Eve, the
same day that police
reportedly conducted a
"confrontation" between
the woman and Mr
"We were pleased with
how the confrontation
went," the lawyer said in
a statement yesterday.
Last week Mr Roberts
issued a statement say-
ing he had voluntarily
presented himself to the
detective unit and "sub-
mitted to a full and
frank interview in
response to the allega-
Mr Roberts added: "I
answered each and every
question asked of me by
the police."
Earlier, Mr Roberts
had issued a statement
saying he was "willing
and prepared to co-
operate fully" with
police in their investiga-
tion of this "baseless"
He stressed that the
allegation was "without
merit", adding: "I am
confident that I will be

The FNM Action
Group staged a Rawson
Square demonstration
last week calling for Mr
Roberts to be sacked
from the Cabinet.

%blo C vvIY VY 4v vCE A rK1 14

MANY consumers were left with-
out water over the New Year holiday
weekend...and all because of a bro-
ken down tanker which is waiting for
a new part.
The shortages caused outrage in
western areas of New Providence,
where a hairdressing salon had to use
drinking water to rinse clients' hair
on New Year's Eve.
"I've been without water for most of
the weekend," said one householder,
"On New Year's Eve we had no water
all day. That means we couldn't show-
er, we couldn't wash up after meals
and had to brush our teeth in water
we had saved up. It's a pathetic situa-

Another berated the government
for being unable to deliver "the basic
requirements for modern living",
adding: "It is really third world for us
to find ourselves in a situation where
we can't even have a proper wash in
our own homes. What the hell is going
Works Minister Bradley Roberts

No recommendations

for honours list
THE Bahamas government made
no recommendations for the New
Year's Honours list, it was disclosed
But it said it intends to advance rec-
ommendations for a full list of hon-
ours for the Queen's Birthday Hon-
ours List in June.
Meanwhile, recommendations
received from the. Cultural Commis-
sion to proceed immediately with the
institution of national honours are
under active review by the govern-
Prime Minister Perry Christie has
given a commitment for a firm indica-
tion on the new national honours later
this year.
While Mr Christie is not thinking of
abandoning completely the existing
system, the public can expect further
debate and definitive action on the
whole question of a national honours
system before the summer.

said yesterday he is hopeful that the
arrival of a crucial part for the water
tanker M/V Titus will ease the water
problems which plagued New Provi-
dence over the weekend.

Mr Roberts told The Tribune that
damage to the Titus prevented it from
transporting water from the Andros
wellfields to the capital. He said
although a smaller tanker was able to
bring in some water, rough seas pre-
vented it from being more effective.
As a result residents in several areas
would have noticed lower water pres-
sure, he said.
Mr Roberts explained that a much-
needed part arrived from Florida yes-
terday and that repairmen are working
round the clock to make the repairs
and ensure that the Titus is up and
running as soon as possible.
Until that time, Mr Roberts
asked residents to conserve as much

WORKS Minister Bradley
Roberts asked residents to conserve
as much water as possible while
work is done to the Titus.
water as possible.
In addition to the Titus problems,
Mr Roberts said the wellfields have
been affected by a severe lack of rain.
New Providence has been subject
to water shortage since Hurricanes
Frances and Jeanne left the wellfields
in Andros contaminated in Septem-
A lack of rainfall and continuing
mechanical problems with transport
barges and the Windsor Field reverse
osmosis plant added to the situation.
However, Water and Sewerage gen-
eral manager Godfrey Sherman
reported last month that New Provi-
dence will soon be decreasing its
dependency on Andros for water as
plans for a new,reverse osmosis plant
at the Blue Hills Complex were "in
the final stages."

Mitchell to attend early

warning system meeting

Senior Staff Reporter

AN EARLY warning sys-
tem in the Caribbean for
tsunamis and other natural
disasters will be discussed
this week at a meeting
attended by Bahamas For-
eign Affairs Minister Fred
Mr Mitchell leaves today
for Guyana where the Coun-
cil of Foreign and Commu-
nity Relations (COFCOR)
will discuss ways of avoiding
the fate of Indonesia, Thai-
land and Sri Lanka in last
week's tragedy.
COFCOR is the body that
governs Caricom outside the
Heads of Governments con-

ference and is meeting in
.Port-of-Spain from January
The minister said the
scope of Caricom's response
to the recent tsunami disas-
ter in Asia may be regional.
"We have been authorised
to work in concert with our
Caricom partners to attempt
to raise a regional effort to
help the victims of the Asian
The Ministry of Foreign
Affairs has also been asked
to take the lead in co-ordi-
nating the national response
from The Bahamas.
"The ministry has a spe-
cial interest in the effects of
the Asian tsunami," said'the
minister "because a little-
known fact is that almost all

the drivers who work in
Bahamian missions, con-
sulates and embassies abroad
are from the nation of Sri
Lanka, one of the hardest-
hit of the Asian societies
affected by the tsunami."

Hurley Senanayake, one
of the Sri Lankans employed
by The Bahamas, lost family
members in last week's tidal
The minister has
expressed condolences to M.
Senanayake and a fund has
been started at the ministry
to provide financial assis-
tance to him. Details of a
broader national effort will
be announced before the

end of the week.
Speaking on behalf of the
government and people of
the Bahamas, Mr Mitchell
expressed condolences
to those who suffered dev-
astating losses in last Sun-
day's disaster in the Far
The Bahamas is planning
an official visit to that area as
a member of the Common-
wealth Ministerial Action
Group (CMAG) at the end
of January. Mr Mitchell is
the current vice-chair of
The minister will stop in
Trinidad and Tobago
for meetings with the
Bahamian student commu-
nity in Trinidad before his

A more civil response

to the Nassau Institute

WHILE it is unfortu-
nate that the Nas-
sau Institute feels that I could
have been more civil in my
response to them in last week's
column, it is encouraging that
they at least recognize that dis-
agreements can be of degrees
as well as of absolutes.
What my last column sought
to do 'was to demonstrate that,
in taking an absolute position
on basically good ideas, the
Institute did nothing to advance
those ideas.
In its response to me, it now
seems to be suggesting that my
criticism was really aimed at the
likes of Milton Friedman, who it
cites as a source of the ideas
that inspired the Freedom of
the World index. That is not the
case. My criticism was of those
who take the ideas of Friedman
and others and seek to apply
them to government policy
without regard to context and to
Sthe wider circumstances of the
society they are to be applied
Milton Friedman is a very
clever man, no doubt. Fried-
man's views that private prop-
erty rights and free economic
agency by individuals are key
to the economic growth is one
with which it is hard to disagree.
He also correctly postulates that
the rule of law which underpins
these rights is a necessary pre-
condition of modern industrial
But Friedman is first and
foremost an academic. As such
his ideas cannot be applied
strictly and absolutely to mod-
ern societies, with all their com-
plexities. Should one of Fried-
man's students or colleagues
point out an. error in one of his
theorems, he (like any good
academic) would simply wipe
the blackboard clean and con-
struct a new one. Governments
and agencies concerned with



development do not have that
That is why no such agency,
even ones which lean heavily
toward a free market position,
would ever advance his or any-
body else's economic ideas in

ble governments draw on these
ideas all the time in formulating
economic policy. But in doing
so they must always be mind-
ful that an absolutist or unbal-
anced application of any sensi-
ble idea (of which, let us

"My criticism was of those who
take the ideas of Friedman and
others and seek to apply them to
government policy without regard
to context and to the wider
circumstances of the society
they are to be applied to."

isolation. And that is why they
look to far more complex and
comprehensive indexes in eval-
uating development policy than
the one constantly put forward
by the Nassau Institute. These
indexes concern themselves not
only with how good a govern-
ment is at finding the recipe for
economic growth, but with how
well it balances the immediate
needs of its economy with other
issues (like social order, wealth
imbalances and poverty reduc-
tion) which, if not minded, can
easily undo all the growth
achieved by the free market.
As I could have said in my
supposedly uncivil first response
to the Institute (had I not been
provoked by allegations of arro-
gance), Dr Friedman and others
have made huge and valuable
contributions to our under-
standing of economics. Sensi-

remember, even Karl Marx had
a few) is never good policy.

So modern capitalist
states tend to adopt a
market where possible, state
where necessary, approach to
economic policy. In the context
of private property rights, this
translates into non-interference
where possible, interference
where necessary. Consequently,
the difference of balance adopt-
ed by any two capitalist gov-
ernments lies not in ideology,
but in their divergent definitions
of possible, and necessary.
Apparently, the Nassau Insti-
tute disagrees with me that any
set of circumstances could ever
make it necessary to interfere
with private property rights in
The Bahamas. It is this propo-
sition that I say springs from an

absolutist (and hence erro-
neous) application of the ideas
of Friedman, Hayek and oth-
Had they countered the
assertions of my column of
November 29 by saying that I
was wrong in calling for the
abrogation of such an impor-
tant right simply for the com-
paratively trifling reasons I gave
in that column, that would have
been very different.
I would have disagreed with
them, but could not have called
them absolutist or extremist,
simply further to the right than
But instead they suggested
that no right or circumstance
ever exists whereby a govern-
ment may decide to interfere
with individual property rights
in order to meet a social objec-
While a reading of Milton
Friedman in its pure, academic
context may appear to support
that view, you can bet that it is
not a proposition advanced by
Friedman when he advises gov-
ernments, nor is it applied by
those countries (such as Chile)
which claim to be adherents of
the Friedman doctrine.
Why? Because, while they
acknowledge Friedman as a
fount of many good ideas, they,
unlike he and his colleagues at
the University of Chicago, have
actual countries to run, not just

Something Ifound curious in
the Institute's latest response to
me was its apparent insinuation
that the endorsement of a Nobel
Prize winner bestows automatic
legitimacy on an idea or view.
They may want to revise that
view in light of the Nobel Foun-
dation's most recent honouree,
Mrs Wangari Maathi, whose
receipt of the prize highlights
how immensely clever people

sometimes say immensely daft
Mrs Maathi, a Kenyan, once
advanced the notion that AIDS
was an invention of western gov-
ernment scientists, whose
employers were keen on pio-
neering new, lingering deaths for
black people. Amen sister!




Community Pg 1540AM
Immediate Response
ZNS News Update Live
Immediate Response
Ethnic Health America
Animated Classics
Treasure Attic
This Generation
Lisa Knight & The Round
Kids On The Move
ZNS News Update Live
One Cubed
A Cultural Comer w/Lithera
New Year's Day Special
News Night 13
Bahamas Tonight
A Different World
Da' Down Home Show
Inside Hollywood
News Night 13
Bahamas Tonight
Immediate Response
Community Pg. 1540AM

NOE N-V 3rsre
th .igttom k ls mnt





Junkanoo spectacular

k .z a



.,,- .

" J"

* i...


- .E

12x12 Porcelain Tile
Look like marble at very good price.
$5.00 per tile. retailing at $8.50.
For further information call
427-9713 or 364-5961 Philip Gray.

- -- - ----



Batelco wishes to advise the public that the 2005
Bahamas Telephone Directory will be available for
distribution in New Providence as of Tuesday, January
4, 2005 to Friday, January 14th 2005.

For the convenience of subscribers, sub-depots will be
opened daily (with the exception of Saturdays and
Sunday) as follows:-:

John F. Kennedy Drive

Shirley Street Plaza

Mall at Marathon

9:00a.m. 5:00p.m.

9:00a.m. 5:00p.m.

9:00a.m. 8:00p.m.

7- ^*(,B^

Business customers requiring more than 50 directories
may collect them directly from our Stores Department
at Perpall's Tract from Tuesday, January 4th, 2005
between the hours of 9:00a.m. and 4:30p.m.

Family Island customers may collect directories from
the local BTC offices.

However, after January 14, 2005, directories may only
be collected for a limited time from the Administrative
Building, John F. Kennedy Drive or the Mall at


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* RIGHT: A Roots band member hits the righl note during the
Boaxng Da3 Parade on Salurda) morning.
* ABOVE: An incredible costume from Sa\on- w which caught
the eye during the parade.
* OPPOSITE FROM LEFT: Music Makers spread their ings
during their display.
* A ONE FAMILY member sltas in lune during the rush.
* SAXONS keep the heal during Iheir winning performance.
* A SAXONS member is on-song during the Bo\ing Dal
(Plhoii: Felipe MajIor)

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p: l i II i lwindows aind d oor oc i rooF c1I n ml im i i n mI i J i i ri

available at

Thompson Blvd Oakes Field, P.O. Box GT 294, Tel: (242) 326-6377, Fax: (242) 326-6315
Email: sanpin@coralwave.com sanpin@hotmail.com

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PA(c 8, I UESDAY, JANUARY 4, 2004


7:30 8:00 8:30 | 9:00 | 9:30 10:00 10:30

Sc ce Welcome to Mars'The Nova "Death Star Source of power- Frontline To what extent President
U WPBT f gold. progress of two rovers on Mars. (N) ful and mysterious explosions in the Bush's spiritual beliefs affect his po-
S(CC) (CC) (DVS) universe. (CC) (DVS) litical decisions. A (CC)
The nsider (N) Red Crpet Confdential(N) A The Amazing Race 6 Infighting Judging Amy "Lullaby" Amy is
B WFOR n (CC) (CC) among teammates proves to be forced to listen more carefully to
more challenging than their tasks, presentencing testimony. ( (CC)
Access Holly- The Biggest Loser The contestants turn the tables Committed Nate Dateline NBC Amber Frey discuss-
S WTVJ wood (N) (CC) and get to train the trainers. (N) 1) (CC) meets Mami. (N) es her relationship with convicted
(CC) murderer Scott Peterson.
Deco Drive The Rebel Billionaire: Branson's House "Pilot" House and his team News (CC)
B WSVN Quest for the Best "Florida" Private try to save the life of a kindergarten
island in the Caribbean. (N) teacher. n (CC)
SJeoardyl (N) College Football FedEx Orange Bowl Oklahoma vs. USC. The Nationa Championship is up for grabs as
* WPLG (CC Matt Leinart and Reggie Bush lead the USC Trojans against Jason White and the Oklahoma Sooners. From
Miami. (Live) C (CC)

Amer.Justice Cold Case Files "Weepy-Voiced Cold Case Files A woman claims Dog the Bounty Dog the Bounty
A&E Killer, The Mr. Big Sting Prostitute that her boyfriend is a killer. (CC) Hunter "Stress Hunter Drug sus-
helps police. (CC) Management" pect hunted.
Hardtalk BBC World Rough Science BBC World World Review BBC World Asia Today
BBCW News "Impact" News 2004 News

BET BET Style The Parkers n Girlfriends n Soul Food ) (CC) Club Comic View
BET (cc) (cc)
Street (CC) Comedy) Mike Myers, Elizabeth Hurley, Michael York. (CC)
(CN00 Late Night The Apprentice n (CC) Dennis Miller Cathy Seipp, (N) Cover to Cover Host Liz Claman.
CNBC n (cc)
S :00) Anderson Paula Zahn Now (CC) Larry King Live (CC) NewsNight With Aaron Brown
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^ Financial Group

Happy New Year

To Our Valued Clients!

The new year is a time of renewal and transformation. This year, as we

continue our ongoing questfor Service Excellence, the Colina Financial

Group is renewing its commitment to transform itself into a Customer

Centric organization. Our strategy is simple but profound: create a

new service culture, one thatplaces you, our valued clients, at the centre

of everything we do.

Our pledge to you as we begin this year, is that we will be dedicated to

our NO LIMITSphilosophy. As a company, we are driven by the core

belief that there are NO LIMITS to what we can achieve. In so i og,

we will dare to raise the bar on service quality throughout the industry

and indeed the country.

We hope that you will become our partner in this service transformation

by keeping us informed of how we are doing through our onsite

customer service centres or throughfeedback byphone or email.

We are committed to becoming the trusted provider for all of your

financial needs and extend best wishes to you for the New Year.

We invite you to Go Higher in 2005.





Airport cl

FROM page one
compliance with prescribed
standard international practices
in air traffic control procedures
globally. All of the procedures
are designed, above all, to
ensure safety to the travelling
public," said the ministry.
These complications came
days after hundreds of confused
and frustrated people camped
outside NIA after they were
evacuated from the interna-
tional section while officials
closed down the terminal to
* investigate the source of a "foul
odour" that permeated the
On Sunday one passenger
returning to school in the Unit-
ed States said he had to stand in
line at the Bahamasair counter
for more than four hours before
he was told that all flights had
been cancelled.
Another passenger travelling
on Bahamasair said that peo-
ple were starting to get restless
and agitated after waiting for
hours to learn what had hap-
pened to their flights and if they
would be able to leave Nassau
that day.
He said that food became an
issue after more than six hours
of waiting. The line to the snack
shop was reported to be so'long
that it took an hour to get
To add to the chaos, two
Continental Connection flights
were cancelled yesterday, lead-
ing to a large back-up of pas-
sengers, with many being placed
on stand-by.
The cancellations had a
knock-on effect, with students
facing major delays by missing
connecting flights on their way
back to college after the Christ-
mas and New Year break.
One student heading for
Toronto was told that, even if
she managed to leave Nassau,

she would be on stand-by at
Fort Lauderdale and Cleveland
with the prospect of overnight
stays in hotels.
"All flights are booked solid
for days ahead," said one air-
line assistant. "You might not
get out of here until the sev-
A Nassau supervisor for Con-
tinental told The Tribune that
"a lot of crew were out of time"
and that a mechanical problem
on one aircraft had added to
the problems.
The delays caused anger and
frustration. "The feedback we
are getting from Continental is
very, very poor," said one pas-
"When I asked to speak to
the manager, I was told the
managers were off-duty. The
Tampa reservations centre was
giving out information that
completely contradicted every-
thing we were being told in Nas-
"It is an utterly scandalous
situation that you can spend
more than $700 for a flight with
no guarantee that you will reach
your destination."
End-of-holiday traffic meant
air space over Miami and Fort
Lauderdale was at a premium,
leading to long flight delays on
At one point, the airports
were closed to private fliers as
commercial airlines competed
for landing and take-off space.
In Nassau, private pilots were
waiting in line for up to four
hours for take-off clearance,
according to some sources.
One pilot told The Tribune
last night: "During the Sunday
rush, I waited for an hour for
take-off. There were at least 20
planes in the queue. There was
agitation and an air controller
told one pilot that she would
not let him go unless he stopped
"The only time I've known it


FROM page one

motor-cyclist for a very long time. I beheve the machine he was
i dinig on Sunday was a new one."
Sir ewvis. a single man, had a 17-month-old son.
He also had a second address at Garden Hills Estate, accord-
ing to friends.
Witnesses said the crash, at about 11.15pm on Sunday, hap-
pened as a group of motor-cyclists approached the Coral Har-
bour roundabout from the direction of the airport. They had
apparently set off from Gambier village.
Mr Lewis, they said, was leading the pack when he braked on
what appeared to be gravel. He lost control of the machine,
which skidded off the road as he was thrown forward on to the
"When police arrived, some of the bikers fled the scene," said
Mr Lewis, a driver with Mackey's Trucking, was a former stu-
dent of C C Sweeting High School who worked at Gladstone
Farms beforejoining Mackey's.
He leaves his mother, Edna Lewis, and four sisters Marian,
Sandra and Debrah Lewis and Josephine Newbold.

to be this bad is when air traffic
controllers have been on a go-
The ministry reminded trav-
ellers that the requirement to
be at the airport at least two
hours before scheduled depar-
ture times is to allow airlines to
apply the required screening
"The ministry therefore asks
travellers to exercise patience
and to plan properly, bearing
in mind the prospect for delays
during this period of heavy air
traffic," said a press release.

Missing man

FROM page one
shooting incident on Satur-
day, January 1, at 11am.
Officers on special patrol
at Lewis and Maycock
Streets observed a "dark
male" acting suspiciously,
said Inspector Evans.
When officers
approached, the man started
running and pulled out a
gun. He fired once towards
the officers.
When police returned fire,
the suspect dropped his
weapon and continued run-
ning. Police later recovered
the gun with four live
The second shooting took
place on Saturday at
Police received reports of
gunshots being fired near
Jiffy Cleaners on Baillou
Hill Road.
At the scene officers
found a man lying on the
ground with bullet wounds,
Inspector Evans reported.
The man was taken to
Princess Margaret Hospital
where he is listed as seri-
ously ill.


, Jbour
pI'rage one -one


weak sa



* By PAUL G.
Tribune Staff
water distribution compa-
ny, has explained that
"weak sales" are respon-
sible for Christmas bonus-.
es being withheld and said
it hoped to reward its
employees in February.
This statement came
after non-management
workers threatened indus-
trial action over the fail-
ure to provide bonuses.

Last Thursday the
Bahamas Beverage Water
Distributors Union
(BBWDU) announced
that Aquapure non-man-
agement workers and
union members were
headed for an "inevitable
confrontation" over the
According to union offi-
cials, Aquapure had "no
moral or legal right to
unscrupulously withhold
its members' bonuses."
A statement issued by
Hui4dley Moss, the union's

chief organiser
tor and advise
union had utilise
diplomacy to ac
grievance, "but
no avail."
On Friday,
McSweeney of
said it was con
stated that pa
bonuses was dep
the company'

She said that
was not in po
grant employee
mas bonuses as
"very weak sale
She said the 2
cane season hi
detrimental to t
ny's revenue in
"The hurrica
out our entire f
and crate inven
people don't re
but to replace
inventory cost u
tially," she add(
Mrs McSwec
the company
introduce a pei
based program
will lead to.ei
receiving bonus
ing on the ci



ible for


, negotia- sales success.
r, said the "Hopefully, we will bt
ed tact and able to get something tp
address this our employees by Febrti-
this was to ary or March," she added.
On Thursday,. Mr Mos
Maryan said the union had a i
Aquapure agreement with Aquapu e
itractually that workers would be
lyment of paid Christmas bonuses.a.
pendent on "We have filed a dispute
s current with the labour board anIl
a representative from thl
Department of Laboir
r had recommended that we
meet privately to discuss
Aquapure how much Christmas
)sition to bonus should be paid tlo
es Christ- the workers. Aquapuie
2004 was a has refused to do sj,
-s year." hence the reason for the
Z004 hurri- industrial action that wiAl
ad proved be following very short-
he compa- ly," he said.
ne- wiped Process
ne wiped PrOCCSS
tory. Most "Aquapure will either
-alise this, bend or break. Our back
all of that is against the wall here. 'If
is substan- an employer cannot pay
ed. Christmas bonuses that is
eney said a whole process they have
plans to to follow. They can't wait
rformance until they are to be paid
me which and then sa\ the\ have
employees problems. What they are
es depend- attempting to do is totally
company's unacceptable." he said.

while Bahamasair passengers
were still waiting for a flight due
more than an hour before.
One passenger said: "There
are people with cell-phones all
over the place trying to let peo-
ple know about the delays.
Some flights are up to four
hours behind schedule.
"There are a lot of people
who are very upset about the
situation. There are business
people needing to get back to
the office and students needing
to get back to college.
S"Bahamians and visitors have
been equally affected by the sit-
uation. It's chaotic."



TENDER NO. 572/04

The Bahamas Electricity Corporation invites tenders from eligible bidders for the provision
of maintenance services of air-conditioning systems at various New Providence locations
of its premises.

Bidders are required to collect packages from the Administration Office, Blue Hill & Tucker
Roads, by contacting:-

Mrs. Delmeta Seymour
Administrative Officer
Blue Hill & Tucker Roads
Nassau, Bahamas
Phone No. 302-1158
Fax No. 323-6852

Tenders are to be hand-delivered on or before 21 January 2005 by 4:00p.m. and addressed
as follows:

The General Manager
Bahamas Electricity Corporation
Blue Hill & Tucker Roads
Nassau, Bahamas

Attention: Mrs. Delmeta Seymour

Marked: Tender No. 572/04


The Corporation reserves the right to accept or reject any or all tenders.






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Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall. Street


Tel: (242) 356-7764

Tel: (242) 351-3010

Implementation report


Document set to be presented
to Minister Smith early this year,
with Cabinet then set to debate
acting on proposal 'wish list'

Tribune Business Reporter
She report on how
to implement rec-
: commendations for
I revitalising the
Bahamas Interna-
Stonal Securities Exchange
(BISX) is "90 per cent finished"
and;set to be presented to the
Government early this year, the
minister of state for finance told
The Tribune.
James Smith said, though,
that it would be premature to
comment on the Governmen-
ts position regarding the rec-


year on


Tribune Business Reporter
-DESPITE the economic
impact from Hurricanes
Frances and Jeanne, 2004
was a strong year for the
stock'market with only four
listings on the Bahamas
International Securities
Exchange (BISX) produc-
ing a negative return for
investors, a senior analyst
told The Tribune.
"The economy is better
in the Bahamas in 2004.
There is more appreciation
,of the value of companies
and it would have been even
better without the hurri-
canes," said Jim Graham,
.vice-president of Fidelity
capital Markets.
.,Mr Graham said 2004
-poved to be a much better
Vear than 2003 for listed
impanies' stock perfor-
wiance, with most showing
positive results on both cap-
ital appreciation share
price rises and dividend
-,ee SHARE, Page 4B

ommendations put forward for
rescuing BISX, describing them
and reports from capital mar-
kets sources that the adminis-
tration would issue a statement
backing the capital markets as a
"wish list".
Mr Smith told The Tribune
he was still awaiting the final
report from the committee
appointed to review the BISX
recommendations, but Central
Bank governor Julian Francis,
who heads it, had assured him
the report was 90 per cent fin-
ished and should be ready for
government review early in the
New Year.
Mr Smith said that once he

Tribune Business Editor,
THE Bahamian economy's
2005 growth prospects are
"more enhanced" than in 2004,
with real gross domestic product
set to expand by 3.5 per cent
this year compared to 3 per cent
last year, due to increased for-
eign currency inflows from the
tourism industry and foreign
The Central Bank of the
Bahamas, in its monthly review
of economic developments for
November 2004, said the
increased foreign currency
inflows were expected to boost
domestic credit expansion and
improve asset quality in the
commercial banking industry.
The Central Bank added:
"Tourism's contribution is
expected to be underpinned by
gains in both stopover visitor
volume and hotel sector pric-
ing, with the industry also ben-
efiting from increased airlift
from the United States and
The weakness of the US dol-
lar relative to European cur-
rencies also meant that "mar-
keting and pricing opportuni-
ties" for the tourism industry
would be sustained.
However, the report warned
that possible US interest rate
rises and increased travel costs
sparked by rising fuel prices








received the report, it would be
submitted to the Cabinet for
discussion. The Cabinet would
decide the extent to which the
Government was prepared to
commit to any or all of recom-
Until that time, he said it was
impossible to speak to the
details of the report because he
does not have access to the final
Source close to BISX and the
implementationn process last
week told The Tribune that the
Government' was set to make
an early New Year policy state-
nent backing the recommen-
dations to revitalize the still-'
;truggling exchange, and would
ilso be making a promise to
work to implement the props-,
als where possible.
Sources said the Government
would be giving "some kind of
endorsement to say they are in
agreement and working to
implement some of the recom-

, eight have a dampening effect
on the US economy and travel
Still, the Central Bank said
data' for the first 11 months in
2004 indicated that tourism
made an "expanded economic
contribution" last year.
For the year until the end of
October, the Bahamas saw 4.22
million visitor arrivals, an
increase of 12.21 per cent over
the same month in 2003, which
itself was 11.25 per cent up on
the 2002 comparative.
Total tourist arrivals for
October 2004 stood at 326,800
up 4.1per cent on the previous
See GROW, Page 4B


mendations where possible".
It was suggested that among
Sthe recommendations most like-
ly to be enacted were greater
participation in BISX-listed
S- .stocks and the wider capital
markets by the National Insur-
ance Board (NIB), whose
reserve fund amounts to more
a than $1.23 billion.
Other recommendations
being considered by the Imple-
Smentation Committee; which is
working out'how these propos-
als will be followed through and
who will be responsible for
them, are the listing of govern-
ment paper registered stock
and Treasury Bills on the
exchange, regional cross-border
listings, the creation of a
Caribbean credit rating facility
and the underwriting of gov-
ernment securities by private
sector brokers.
A government policy state-
James Smith, minister of state for finance See BISX, Page 4B

'Law clerk gone

bad' used Bahamas

IBC in. $17m aud

Tribune Business Editor
A former senior Cisco Sys-
tems executive who pled guilty
to embezzling $17 million
worth of funds and stock from
his employer and transferring
it into the account of a
Bahamas-based International
Business Company (IBC) he
controlled has been described
by a US court judgement as a

"disappointing story of a
promising federal appellate
law clerk gone bad".
In a ruling that upheld most
of the $27.397 million Robert
Gordon was ordered to pay in
restitution by a California dis-
trict court judge, Judge
Richard Clifton, of the ninth
circuit court of appeals, said:
"This case presents the disap-
pointing story of a promising
federal appellate law clerk

gone bad.
"Robert Gordon, a gradu-
ate of Stanford Law School
and a former law clerk for one
of our colleagues, a judge on
the US Court of Appeals for
the seventh circuit, embezzled
millions of dollars in cash and
stock from his employer, Cisco
Gordon, a Cisco Systems
See COURT, Page 2B

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By Fidelity

Capital Markets

T reading during the
final week of 2004
was respectable, as
over 24,000 shares
changed hands.
The market saw six out of the
19 listed stocks trade, of which
three advanced and three
remained the same.
The volume leader for the
week was Commonwealth Bank
(CBL), with 19,130 shares
changing hands and accounting
for 79 per cent of the total
shares traded. The big mover
was also CBL, whose share
price rose by $0.10 to close at

Bahamas Property
Fund Limited (BPF) -
For the quarter ending Sep-
tember 30, 2004, BPF posted
net income of $552,000, repre-
senting a decline of $22,000 or
3.92 per cent over the corre-
sponding period last year when
net income stood at $575,000.
Total income rose by 0.36 per
cent to total $1.03 million, while
operating expenses increased
by 5.81 per cent to total
$473,000. Funds from opera-
tions (FFO) were $556,000,
down $22,000 from the $579,000
posted in 2003.
For the quarter, Earnings per



Ansbacher in the Bahamas invites applications from
qualified individuals for:


Salary + Banking benefits + Performance Based
Incentive Scheme

Suitable candidates will have managed, acquired
and advised investment portfolios for at least 5.
years. Core competencies will be the management
of a diverse range of investment portfolios, a strong
knowledge of diverse investment products and the
ability to generate new investment/ banking accounts
utilizing Ansbacher's established global distribution

The degree individual will benefit from a
background in economics or finance and a CFA/
MBA will be advantageous. Excellent
communication skills, analytical skills and team
commitment are required.


Human Resource Manager,
Ansbacher (Bahamas) Limited,
P.O.Box N-7768,
Nassau, Bahamas.
Fax: 325-0524

__ Colina
,i- Financial Advisors Ltd.

Bahamas stock market
Findex: 420.14
Unchanged: 0.00 points
Percentage Change: 0.00%

Market Capitalisation:. $2.10 billion
Change: $16 million
Volume Traded: 24,191

Volume Leaders:
Volume % of Volume
CBL 19,130 79.08%.
FIN 1,580 6.53%
KZLB 1,062 4.39%

Major Market Movers:
Closing Price Price Change
CBL $7.10 $0.10
FIN $9.70 $0.02
KZLB $6.06 $0.04

share (EPS) stood at $0.23,
while Net Asset Value (NAV)
was $9.36.
Based on the present market
price of $8, BPF shares are trad-
ing at a discount of $1.36 or 17
per cent to its NAV.

Bahamas Waste
Limited (BWL) -
For the first nine months of
fiscal 2004, BWL's net income
from operations grew by 21.7
per cent to total $389,000. Total
sales rose by $452,000 or 12.8
per cent to total $3.7 million,
while the cost of sales increased
by $232,000 or 11.1 per cent to
total $2.3 million.
Operating expenses grew by
$150,000 to stand at $1 million

as at September 30,2004. Total
assets grew by $443,000 to total
$6.8 million.
The impetus behind the
growth in assets was a $498,000
jump in BWL's accounts receiv-

Bahamas Supermarkets
(BSL) -
For the quarter ending Sep-
tember 22, 2004, BSL posted
net income of $882,000, which
represents a decline of $412,000
or 31.8 per cent over the same
period last year when net
income was $1.3 million.
Net sales grew by 3.31 per
cent to total $27.9 million, while
operating expenses increased
by 2 per cent to total $6.3 mil-

International markets
FX Rates
Wkly % Change
CAD $1.2020 -2.27
GBP 1.9154 -0.48
EUR 1.3540 0.04

Wkly % Change
Crude Oil $43.45 -1.65
Gold $438.40 -1.02

International Stock Market Indexes:
Wkly % Change
DJIA 10,804.00 -0.21
S & P 500 1,213.91 0.31
NASDAQ 2,180.09 0.90
Nikkei 11,488.76 3.71

*International numbers were quoted as at 12:25 pm on Decem-
ber 31.

Earnings per share (EPS)
declined by $0.09 to total $0.19
as at September 22, 2004.

Investors Tip'of the Week
Slow and Steady -
As the year 2004 comes to a
close, you might not have
realized all your;investment
goals and/or, objectives. Don't
The art of investing and sav-
ing is a life-long task that
requires both time and disci-
Therefore, as 2005 dawns let
us put our shoulders to the
"investing wheel" and contin-
ue to press on.

Dividend/AGM Notes
CAB to pay dividends of
$0.06 on December 31,2004, to
shareholders of record as at
December 17,2004.

CBL to pay dividends of
$0.08 on December 31,2004, to
shareholders of record as at
December 15,2004.

BPF to pay dividends of $0.16
on December 31, 2004, to share-
holders of record as at Decem-
ber 22, 2004.

CIB to pay dividends of $0.18
on January 7, 2005, to share-
holders of record as at Decem-
ber 29, 2004.

COurt (From page 1B)

former vice-president and direc-
tor of business development,
previously pleaded guilty to
wire fraud and insider trading in
the northern Californian district
He transferred more than $17
million in company assets into
the bank account of an entity
he controlled, Cisco Systems Inc
Bahamas, a Bahamas-registered
IBC, without the company's
authorisation. He was sentenced

to 66 months in prison and
ordered to pay restitution of $27
In his appeal, Gordon did not
dispute all he was ordered to
pay in restitution, but claimed
that $12.594 million awarded in
relation to embezzled shares in
a company called Terayon;
reimbursable investigation costs
of $1.038 million incurred by
Cisco; and $2.425 million in pre-
judgement interest should not


The Public is hereby advised that I, KANALDO JARADE
COOPER P.O.Box SB 52757, intend to change my name
objections to this change of name by Deed Poll, you may
write such objections to the Chief Passport Officer, P.O.Box
N-742, Nassau, Bahamas, no later than thirty (30) days
after the date of publication of this notice.

Pricing Information As Of:
Pricing Information As Of

S2wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol revious o 00 0 7 0.000 N/s 0.00%
1.49 1.10 Abaco Markets 1 10 1 100.00 0197 0.000 NM 00%
8.40 7.25 Bahamas Property Fund 8.00 8.00 0.00 1.328 0.320 6.0 4.00%
6.25 5.75 Bank of Bahamas 5.75 5.75 0.00 0.152 0.330 11.2 5.74%
0.85 0.53 Benchmark 0.85 0.85 0.00 -0.057 0.000 N/M 0.00%
1.97 1.80 Bahamas Waste 1.80 1.80 0.00 0.101 0.080 17.8 4.44%
1.00 0.91 British American Bank 0.96 0.96 0.00 0.007 0.040 13.0 4.17%
7.25 6.21 Cable Bahamas 7.10 7.10 0.00 0.510 0.240 13.9 3.38%
2.20 1.35 Colina Holdings 2.20 2.20 0.00 0.465 0.060 9.6 2.73%
7.17 6.15 Commonwealth Bank 7.00 7.10 0.10 19,130 0.632 0.390 11.2 5.4g%
4.00 3.13 Famguard 3.96 3.96 0.00 0.406 0.170 9.8 4.29%
S9.70 8.00 Finco 9.68 9.70 0.02 1,580 0.649 0.480 14.9 4.95%
7.49 6.20 FrstCaribbean 7.49 7.49 0.00 0.513 0.330 14.6 4.41%
8.60 8.00 FoBol Su.00 8.00 0.00 0.710 0.500 11.3 6.25%
2.25 1.99 Freeport Concrete 1.'99 1.99 0.00 -0.089 0.000 N/M 0.00%
10.38 9.90 ICD Utilities 9.89 9.89 0.00 0818 0.405 12.1 4.1,0%
8.25 8.10 J.S. Johnson 8.22 8.22 0.00 0.785 0.550 10.5 6.81%
6.27 4.36 Kerzner InterationalBDRs 6.06 6.00 -0.06 0.245 0.000 24.7 0.00%
0.00 1000 Premer Real Estate 0.00 1000 0.00 0.694 0.350 14.4 3.50
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbold N N Y Last Pr2 M s Dy V. EP I D P/E Yield
13.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 13.00 14.00 16.00 1.357 0.720 12.8 6.14%
10 148 10 00 Caribbean Crossings (Preun 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%
60 0.40 RND Holdings 0 29 0 54 00 -0.103 0.000 NM 0.00%
Collra OveCr-The.a-Con Botertd Fund e s ... l T003 I .
43.00 28.00 ABPAB 411 00 43 L0 '1 00 2220 0000 194 0.00%
16.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 13.00 14.00 13.00 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
0 60 0 35 RND Holdir.g 0 29 0.54 0 35 -0.103 0.000 N/NIM 0.00%
,. LFdBISX L lktvd Mutual Funds -"
wk- 52wk-Low Fund Name NAV TD Last 12 Months v S Yield
1.1864 1.0787 Colina Money Maeel Fueo 1 186395.
2.0536 1.8154 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.0704w4
10.2148 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.2148***
2.1564 2.0012 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 2.156379
1.0631 1131300 Clinra Bond Fund 1 063110*
;:.~' P I.FNmD X( cOS.r1.140 i V1p1t,-CL% O W23 .=.s6 s." t .j~rit 03 '. --,
BIOX ALL SHARE INDEX- 19 Dec 02 = 1,000.00 YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price
52wkIll Highest closing price in last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Colina and Fldelit
62wLk-Low Lowest closing price in last 52 weeks Askt$r- Selling price ofrColle and fldepit e
Previous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Lest traded ovrthe-counter price
Todays Close Current day's weighted price for daily volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume, of the prior week
SChang Change n dosing price from day to day EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
Dily Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAYV Net Asset Value
DIV S Dividends per share paid in the last 12 months N.M Not Meaningful
PIE Closing price divided by the last 12 month eamings FINDEX- The Fideity Sahamas Stock index. January 1. 1994 100
1 G* AT SEP. 30. 2004/1 AS AT OCT. 31. 2004
* .AS AT SEP. 24, 20041- -' AS ATNOV.30,2004-ASATNOV. 30, S 2004
-- ---- ~ -. . ........ ------

have been included.
Although the US Appeal
Court threw out Gordon's
appeal on the embezzled Ter-
ayon shares and $1.038 million
investigation costs, it ruled that
part of the $2.425 million in pre-
judgement interest should not
have been included.
In the original case, a release
from the District Attorney's
office responsible for the pros-
ecution said: ""Mr Gordon
admitted using his position of
trust at Cisco to transfer Cisco-
owned stock and company
Sounds to himself by materially
i misrepresenting that the trans-
fers were for the benefit of Cis-
"Specifically, Mr Gordon
admitted that he established
and used two different accounts
to transfer stock and company
funds to bhiselA Fst, he admit-
ted creating an account in the
name of Cisco Systems Inc
Bahamas that he had estab-
lished without the authorization
of Cisco and that he transferred
the following Cisco assets to the
The assets transferred to the
Cisco Systems Inc Bahamas
account included 7,234 shares
of Cabletron stock, valued at
$227,436; some 26,372 shares of
Microsoft stock valued at $2398
million; 100,000 shares of Ter-
ayon stock worth $3.175 mil-
lion; a refund for shares in Pre-
dictive stock, worth $1.633 mil-
lion; 30,20 shares ofISS stock,
valued at $3.175 million; distri-

bution of IVP Broadband Fund,
worth $2.807 million; and
Watkins Johnson Communica-
tions, valued at $2355 million.
The District Attorney's
release said: "Mr Gordon
admitted that all of the funds
in the two accounts used in this
scheme were derived from
assets he misappropriated from
"He admitted that he used
the proceeds from the scheme
to fund a series of investments,
and that he ultimately trans-
ferred a significant portion of
the fraudulent proceeds to addi-
tional accounts. Mr Gordon
admitted that among other
actions, he used the funds to
puchsme two properties in Utah
and transfer over $9 million to
an offshore, account in Bermu-

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wave takes out 20

villas at Kerzner reso

Kerzner International, owner
of Paradise Island's Atlantis and
One & Only Ocean Club resort,
said 20 water villas/suites at its
One & Only Kanuhura Resort
in the Maldives have been
removed from service until fur-
ther notice due to damage sus-
tained in the devastating Asian
The resort, according to a
company statement, has
remained operational for guests

who elected to stay and began
receiving new arrivals from
New Year's Day.
At the One & Only Reethi
Rah, which was due to open in
March 2005, a damage assess-
ment was being conducted.
Guests and staff at both sites in
the Maldives had been account-
ed for with no casualties.
One & Only Resorts had
donated $100,000 to the Maldi-
vian Disaster Relief Fund.

Minister to

give opening

address at


James Smith (right), minister
Sof state for finance, will be the
opening speaker at the 14th
Annual Bahamas Business Out-.
"'-T q k Conrirente '%itlh an
r' address on Perfolrmanice'and
Proiectlits for thie T'hharhdii
"' The conference, co-ordinat-
" ed and co-sponsored by The
. Counsellors, will be held on
SJanuary 17 at the Radisson
SCable Beach Business Centre.
Mr Smith is the minister with
Responsibility for economic

r-n s

development and planning, and
previously served for 10 years as
Central Bank of the Bahamas
SPrior to his current posting.
Senraktr Smith spentline \ears
a arf fw-ba.s ".'ahd Trade'in-t'ie Office of' the
Prime Minister.
Mr Smith has also served var-
iously as permanent secretary
and secretary for revenue in the
Ministry of Finance; under-sec-
retary in the Office of the Prime
Minister; deputy permanent sec-
retary in the Ministry of Eco-
nomic Affairs; deputy chairman
of the Mortgage Corporation
of the Bahamas; director of the
Bahamas Agricultural and
Industrial Corporation and
Bahamasair; and chairman of
the Bahamas Development

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Scholarship Information

Faith Temple Christian Academy
wishes to announce that applications for its
Government School Recipient's Scholarship
are now available.

The Academy will award three (3) full
scholarships to students in the sixth and ninth
grades from the Government Schools in New

This Scholarship is merit basd, and
candidates wanting to apply must sit the
Entrance Examination. The Examination for
S applicants will be held on Saturday, January
29th, 2005 at 9:00 a.m. at the Academy on
Prince Charles Drive.

All applications must be submitted to
the Admittance' Office by Wednesday, January
19, 2005.

For More Information Contact
The Admittance's Office:
8 Tel: (242) 324-2269
Fax: (242) 364-8045
P.O. Box SS-5765
Nassau, Bahamas

"Your School of First Choice...",

Large firm of Insurance Agents &
Brokers is presently considering
applications for the Family Island for

Branch Manager

Candidates should have:

Completed the ACII

-7 to 10 years experience in general

Excellent management skills

Strong communication skills

The successful candidate will receive

an excellent

benefits package.

If you are interested in the pursuance
of an exciting career, please submit
your resume, in confidence, to the
following by January 10, 2005 to:

c/o DA. 13344
P.O. Box N-3207
Nassau, Bahamas


A vacancy exists in the Finance Division for a Staff Accountant.

Applicants should have a minimum of a Bachelors Degree in Accounting in addition
to a professional accountancy qualification (ACCA, CPA, etc.) with 3-5 years

The successful candidate will be required to:

Assist in the management of the Finance Department which primarily
include: the preparation of disbursements; management of vendor accounts;
and management of payroll
Analyzed monthly financial information and reports
Evaluate and summarize the Corporation's current and project financial
Ensure timely reporting on specific and general departmental responsibilities;
and any other duties as assigned
Monitors compliance with generally accepted accounting principles

The incumbent should also have:

Excellent written and verbal communication skills
Strong analytical abilities and skills
-Effective leadership skills
Good time management, and
Strong interpersonal and human relation skills

Interested persons should apply by completing an application form, attaching a resume
and contact information for three professional references to: ATTN. Manager-Human
Resources & Training, Bahamas Electricity Corporation, Blue Hill & Tucker Roads,
P.O.Box N-7509 Nassau, Bahamas on or before Monday January 10, 2005.




BISX (From page 1B) Grow (From page 1B)

ment backing BISX and the capital markets is viewed by the
exchange's 46 shareholders as being a vital kick-start to the process,
signalling its commitment.
Meanwhile, Mr Smith said there was much reason to be optimistic
on the outlook for the Bahamian economy heading into 2005.
Based on statistics from the Ministry of Tourism, hotel occupancy
levels and expenditure rates had firmed up and were expected to
continue to improve as the industry headed into the winter and ear-
ly spring periods.
Further indicators of an improved economy were stabilised pub-
lic revenue earnings, with initial signs of a rebound suggesting an
upward trend in revenue collections over the next six months,
underscored by economic growth and job creation. Mr Smith
warned, though, that changes to the economy would not occur
rapidly, with officials predicting steady growth, baring any unfore-
seen events.
While the economy was thought to be on an upward path, Mr
Smith said an ongoing concern remained the Bahamas' vulnerability
to external influences.
He said: "To the extent the Bahamas is an open economy there
are always concerns that you have to continue to look over your
shoulder. It's a constant thing with anyone who has to pay attention
to the economy."
Mr Smith said growing consumer confidence in the US and a
strengthening of that economy was likely to mean increased trav-
el by Americans, but any increase in terrorist activity or shocks to
oil prices could stall any improvements to the economic well-being
of the Bahamas.
Barring these events, Mr Smith said he remains optimistic in
terms of both inward foreign investment and domestic investment,
noting the increasing confidence in the Bahamian economy dis-
played by foreign investors.

Share your news

The Tribune wants to
hear from people who are '
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning I
for improvements in the 1i
area or have won an i
If so, call us on 322-1986 F
and share your story.


The Public is hereby advised that I, PATRICK CHRISTOFF
DORSETT, of Flamingo Drive, P.O. Box N1138, intend to
If there are any objections to this change of name by Deed
Poll, you may write such objections to the Chief Passport
Officer, P.O.Box N-742, Nassau, Bahamas no later than
thirty (30) days after the date of publication of this notice.

WEEKS late of Apartment Number
402A Kwan Yin Club, Freeport, Grand
Bahama, deceased.

TAKE NOTICE that all persons having a claim
against the above Estate are required to submit the
same in writing to: The Manager, FirstCaribbean
International Bank, P.O. Box F-42556, Freeport, Grand
Bahama, within Ninety (90) days of the date hereof,
after which distribution of the Estate will be made to
those persons legally and beneficially entitled thereto.

DATED the 1st day of December A.D. 2004

Freeport, Grand Bahama

year, although the growth rate
was lower than 2003's 19.9 per
Air arrivals for October 2004
were down by 15.8 per cent at
75,600, compared to the previ-
ous year's 89,800, due to the
aftermath of September's hur-
ricanes. An "uptrend" in New
Providence and the Family
Islands was negated to some
extent by the storm damage
inflicted in Grand Bahama and
The Central Bank pointed
out that rather than stopover
visitors, who represent the cus-
tomers for the main tourism
sector employer, the hotels, it
was cruise ship passengers that
drove arrivals for the 10 months
to October 2004. There was a
24.2 per cent increase in Grand
Bahama arrivals, and a 12.7 per
cent gain in New Providence.
Increased stopover capacity
meant visitor growth in the
Family Islands was 3.5 per cent.
The Central Bank report said:
"As regards the fiscal sector,
tourism growth is expected to
support a steady improvement
in government revenue, which
nevertheless will continue to
trail the pace of overall eco-
nomic expansion in the short-
term, owing to the significance
of customs duty exempted cap-
ital goods imports linked to for-
eign investments and hurricane
"The steady stimulus to con-
struction activity from local res-
idential investments is expected
to be augmented by intensified
hurricane repair expenditures
in the short-term and an extend-
ed period of elevated foreign
investment inflows. This
improving economic climate
should provide a favourable
environment for some consoli-

dation of the fiscal position." rising.
The Central Bank said "the Excess reserves in the
more substantial monthly Bahamian banking system
growth" in consumer credit and expanded by $105.76 million to
residential mortgages, coupled $333.79 million during Novem-
with more foreign currency pur- ber 2004, an expansion that was
chases by the private sector, almost three-fold greater than
indicated that domestic demand the $30.08 million rise experi-
and private sector spending was enced in 2003. For the first 11

months of 2004, excess reserves
in the banking system grew by
$165.43 million compared to
$15.04 million during the same
period in 2003.
Excess liquid assets in the
banking system rose by $44.6
million in September to $270.96
million, with growth for the first
11 months in 2004 standing at
$133.92 million compared to last
year's $30.5 million.
The regulator, which is
responsible for this nation's
monetary policy, said reinsur-
ance inflows and the season
increase in tourism were
responsible for the increase in
foreign currency transactions.
The nation's foreign currency
reserves grew by $54.48 million
to $667.01 million by the end of
November, the Central Bank
said. The growth rate for the
first 11 months of 2004 was 38.2
per cent higher than in 2003,
standing at $184.9 million.
It added: "Compared to
November 2003, Bahamian dol-
lar credit growth declined more
markedly, by $33.4 million, as
the Government's application
of proceeds from the bond issue
resulted in a $70.5 million fall-
off in net liabilities to the bank-
ing sector.
"This overshadowed acceler-
ated private sector credit
growth of $31.9 million that was
paced by larger increases in
mortgages and consumer
For the first 11 months in
2004, Bahamian dollar credit
expansion grew to $211.1 mil-
lion from $60.5 million in 2003,
as private sector credit growth
accelerated to $232.3 million
from $82.9 million.
Mortgages almost doubled to
$179.8 million, while consumer
credit grew by $82 million.

Share (From page 1B)


NOTICE is hereby given that BIBI BADURA RAMDEO,
BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as
a citizen of The.Bahamas, and that any person who knows
any reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement of the
,facts within twenty-eight days from the 28TH day of
DECEMBER, 2004 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.

BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen of
The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason why
registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight
days from the 4TH day of JANUARY, 2005 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, PO.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

The performances for 2004
ranged from a 158.62 per cent
increase in Doctors Hospital
Health Systems (DHHS) share
price to the year's worst per-
former, Abaco Markets, which
saw a decrease of some 26.17
per cent in its quoted BISX
Companies with significant
interests in Grand Bahama -
ICD Utilities, Freeport Oil
Company (FOCOL), Freeport
Concrete, Abaco Markets and
Cable Bahamas were.all hurt
because of the loss of business
and damaged incurred following
Hurricanes Frances and Jeanne.
ICD Utilities, the holding
vehicle for a 50 per cent share-
holding in Grand Bahama Pow-
er Company, was still able to
end the year on a positive note
with it BISX-quoted price up
by just under 1 per cent, a per-
formance that could have been
substantially improved if it had
not taken any hits from the hur-
FOCOL was also up at 8.5
per cent for the year and, like
ICD Utilities, would have done
much better but for the storms.



A vacancy exists in the Corporation for the post of two (2) Internal Auditors in the Internal Audit Department.

The job executes various audit and investigation assignments as stipulated in the Schedule of Activities
formulated by the AGM Chief Internal Auditor; supervises and directs the activities of the Audit Clerks, and
offers technical assistance to the Assistant Internal Auditors. The internal auditor trains subordinate staff;
assists the External Auditors with joint efforts for the year end audit; producers audit programs; produces
audit and investigation reports as well as monthly and quarterly reports; assists the AGM-Chif Internal Auditor
with plans and corporate research.

The duties and responsibilities for this job is as follows, but not limited to:

* Produce audit programs and submit for approval of the Chief International Auditor
* Conducts complete risk assessment for area being audited
* Conducts financial, operational and ITS audit assignments in accordance with established.audit programs.
This involves a complete assessment ofthe systems of internal control, risks exposures and the efficiency,
effectiveness and economic use of resources to achieve management objectives
* Produces audit reports on audit concerns, their causes, effects and the audit recommendations in accordance
with the IIA Standards
* Conducts some audit investigations
* Evaluate findings and produce investigations reports; exercising the IIA's ethical standards (especially
* Conducts reviews of budgetary systems (including variances analysis), policies, manpower efficiency and
new computer applications
* Discusses audit concerns with the relevant Department/Section head and seek agreement to implement

The successful candidate should also possess:

* A Bachelors degree in Accounting or other closely related discipline and a professional accounting qualification
e.g. CA/CPA.
* Obtaining the CIA would be highly desirable.
* Five years post certification experience in auditing and general accounting with experience in interviewing,
producing reports and making verbal presentations.

Interested persons should apply by completing an application form, attaching a resume and contact information
for three professional references to: ATTN. Manager-Human Resources & Training, Bahamas Electricity
Corportaion, Blue Hill & Tucker Roads, P.O.Box N-7509 Nassau, Bahamas on or before Monday, January
10, 2005.

Cable Bahamas' share price
ended 2004 on a positive note,
up 17.4 per cent despite taking a
$1 million dollar hit during the
A good indication of stock
performances for the year, Mr
Graham said, was comparing
the historical trend in the US
of dividend rates that run, at
their highest, at some two to
three per cent/l' ':i
"In the Bahamas, however,
we still have 11 companies pay-
ing dividends based on today's
prices at four per cent or more.
That's extremely high and most
people buy stocks for capital
appreciation; the dividends are
a bonus," he added.
Looking forward, analysts
are predicting a strong market
recovery in 2005 for those com-
panies heavily impacted by the
hurricanes. With a return to
normal business operations,
there is likely to be an increase
in available money in the capital
markets as investors return in
significant numbers to buy equi-
Mr Graham said: "We hear
talk of some recommendations
being approved, and one of the
recommendationsis foreign-
owned insurance companies
being able to buy local equities,
which will bring more money
into the market. Another is for-
eign residents and people with
work.permits being able to buy
stocks. NIB is also coming into
the market, which will also add
more money.
BISX is also expected to
receive more international
exposure in 2005 with further
Bahamian Depository Receipt
(BDRs) listings to follow
Kerzner International's in the
New Year. Mr Graham said
that with Kerzner, BISX now
has an element of foreign expo-
sure coming in to the market.
One area of concern in 2005
is what impact a weak US dollar
will have on both the US econ-
omy and the Bahamian econo-
Mr Graham said: "Is it going
to hurt jobs? 2005 is a funny
year going in the tidal waves in
Asia, the amount of money
involved in the clean up and
what impact on world
economies will come out of that.
"The economy in the US
seems to be coming on very
well, though. It's the engine of
growth for the whole world, but
we will have to wait to see if
the low dollar will impact us
negatively. Otherwise, it could
turn out to be fantastic year."
Other issues to watch for are
the Kerzner Phase III develop-
ment, which is expected to have
an enormous impact on the
Bahamian economy, and in
Grand Bahama the GINN pro-
ject and how the Grand
Bahama Port Authority will
continue following the loss of
one of its founders, Edward St.
There are also a number of
other substantial tourism-relat-
ed projects in the Family Islands
that are all expected to impact
the Bahamian economy in 2005.


A private Wealth Management Company and
medium-sized Family Office
Has an openingfor an

Applicants must:
* Be a qualified attorney, however, LLB or other law degree holders
will also be considered.
* Have approximately 3-5 years experience in financial services
in any of the areas of trust, banking or investments.
* Have the ability to draft or review sometimes complex legal
documents relating to special projects and to confidently
communicate with overseas legal and tax advisors on the same.
* Be a seasoned professional who is capable of leading a project,
coordinating its various parts and managing the team associated
with the same.
* Be capable of understanding and administering complex fiduciary
* Be comfortable in reviewing financial statements, and have a
basic understanding of investment and financial transactions.
* Have the ability to work under pressure and without constant
* Have uncompromising personal and business ethics.
Successful candidate will work directly with the President of
TradeInvest in the management of complex private fiduciary
arrangements. Responsibilities include regular contact with overseas
affiliates, associated trust, banking and investment professionals,
as well as legal counsel and advisors.
Applications may be delivered by hand and marked Private and
Confidential to:
The President
TradeInvest Asset Management Ltd.
West Building,
Lyford Manor, Lyford Cay,
P.O. Box N-7776 (Slot 193)
New Providence, Bahamas
Applications must be received by 10th January 2005.



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' : (In Voluntairy iquidation)

S'iNotice is hereby given that the above-named Company
is in dissolution, which commenced on the 30th day of
December, 2004. The Liquidators are Elvira Lowe and
Cheryl Rolle of P.O. Box N-7757, Nassau, Bahamas.

Elvira Lowe

Cheryl Rolle



(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above-named Company is in dissolution,
commencing on the 30th day of December 2004. Articles of Dissolution
have been duly registered by the Registrar. The Liquidator is Barry W.
Herman, P.O. Box N-10818, Nassau, The Bahamas.
All persons having claims against the above-named Company are required,
on or before 31st day of January, 2005 to send their names and addresses'
and particulars of their debts or claims to the Liquidator of the Company
or, in default thereof, they may be excluded from the benefit or any
distribution made before such debts are proved.
Dated this 31st day of December 2004.


Leeal Notice


(No. 45 of 2000)

In Voluntary Liquidation

Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 131 of the
International Business Companies Act, (No. 45 of 2000),
Alrena Moxey is the Liquidator and can be contacted at
Winterbotham Place, Marlborough & Queen Streets, Nassau,
Bahamas. All persons having claims against the above-named
company are required to send their names, addresses and particulars
of their debts or claims to the Liquidator before January 28th,

Alrena Moxey


- 0


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* -


(In Voluntary Liquidation)
Notice is hereby given that the above-named Company is in dissolution,
commencing on the 30th day of December 2004. Articles of Dissolution
have been duly registered by the Registrar. The Liquidator is Barry W.
Herman, P.O. Box N-10818, Nassau, The Bahamas.
All persons having claims against the above-named Company are required,
on or before 31st day of January, 2005 to send their names and addresses
and particulars of their debts or claims to the Liquidator of the Company
or, in default thereof, they may be excluded from the benefit or any
distribution made before such debts are proved.
Dated this 31st day of December 2004.


Legal Notice


(No. 45 of 2000)
In Voluntary Liquidation

Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 131 of the
International Business Companies Act, (No. 45 of 2000), REFLEX
INTERNATIONAL LIMITED is in dissolution. Alrena Moxey
is the Liquidator and can be contacted at The Winterbotham Trust
Company Limited, Winterbotham Place, Marlborough & Queen
Streets, Nassau, Bahamas. All persons having claims against the
above-named company are required to send their names, addresses
and particulars of their debts or claims to the Liquidator before
January 28th, 2005.

Alrena Moxey

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To advertise in

The Tribune

call 322-1986

NOTICE-is hereby given that DEONARAINE RAMDEO,
BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as
a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows
any reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement of the
facts within twenty-eight days from the 28TH day of
DECEMBER, 2004 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.

Leeal Notice


(No. 45 of 2000)

In Voluntary Liquidation

Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 131 of the
International Business Companies Act, (No. 45 of 2000), TASMIN
LIMITED is in dissolution. Alrena Moxey is the Liquidator and
can be contacted at Winterbotham Place, Marlborough & Queen
Streets, Nassau, Bahamas. All persons having claims against the
above-named company are required to send their names, addresses
and particulars of their debts or claims to the Liquidator before
January 28th, 2005.

Alrena Moxey




THE TRIBUNE seeks a Managing Editor to add a new
chapter to this newspaper's continuing success story.
Candidates will need to be seasoned journalists of
the highest calibre with relevant professional
qualifications and a proven track record in newspaper
Superior editing skills, excellent command of the
English language, sound judgment and outstanding
writing ability are essential requirements for this
demanding position. You will also need to be totally
conversant with the Apple-Quark Xpress computer
editing system, with relevant page make-up expertise.
If you think you qualify, please send a covering letter
and resume, together with work samples, to The
Publisher, The Tribune, PO Box N-3207, Nassau,
Please include references from past employers and
a short statement saying why you qualify for this post.
An attractive salary package, paid vacation and
company medical insurance scheme are on offer to
the successful candidate

No Phone Calls Please
Our benefits include paid vacation
& medical insurance.

The Tribune






- M



rr%%-IIZ U L, I vrLourI, J-I'LrMuI I -t, I JVV J


Senior Sports Reporter
WHEN boats in the A, B
and C classes from both the
Bahamas Boat Owners and
Sailors Association and the
Commonwealth Sailing Asso-
ciation compete in the New
Year's Day Regatta, they will
be in an upgraded facility in
Montagu Beach.
BBOSA commodore the
Rev. Dr. Philip McPhee
revealed recently that both
the Ministry of Youth, Sports
and Culture and Burns House
Limited have joined forces in
assisting the regatta.
Montagu Beach, according
to McPhee, is expected to
have a facelift from US firm
Ben & Jerry. They are work-
ing in conjunction with
Atlantis, who have made this
their annual project for
"On January eighth when
we go to Montagu, you would
not believe the transforma-
tion that would have taken
place. They are working on it
at this hour," McPhee
declared. "On January eighth
Montagu will be a different
place inclusive of bathrooms
and everything else.

"So it really should be a
regatta headquarters for sail-
ing in the country. We only
ask is that the residents take
care of it because after the
regatta is over, family and
friends can come and enjoy
the Montagu foreshores."
Sidney Forbes, the BBOSA
secretary, indicated that the
regatta will get started this
weekend in Montagu and
continue from January 15-16.
"We should have four suc-
cessful days of sailing," he
The regatta is expected to
recognize the contribution of
the late Sir. Edward St.
George, but McPhee said they
are only waiting for his family
to give the BBOSA their
BBOSA vice commodore
Delworth Gibson said they
have been anxiously awaiting
the start of the new regatta
"We've had boats up in the
yards since the hurricanes and
they are no good on the land.
They show their beauty and
their power in the waters and
so it's going to be exciting to
get back out there," he
There between nine and
twelve boats in the C Class,
seven to eight in the B Class
and as many as nine boats in
the A Class.
"If we can get all of those
boats, as promised, down
there, it's going to be a scene
out there," Gibson stressed.
"I know everybody is anxious.
There's no more talking. So
we need to get some sailing
going. We're looking forward
to this one."
Among those present was
George Knowles, the owner
of the Southern Cross, the
reigning A Class champion,
who declined to make any

Sean Brennen, marketing
director at Burns House
Limited, said this will be the
first in a series of events
that will be used to accumu-
late points towards the Boat
of the Year awards in Decem-
"We've done it in the past
and we see fit to do it again
this year," said Brennen, of
their continued sponsorship.
"There's a lot of work and
effort that go into this, so we
are asking the public to come
out and see what goes into
this sport.
"It's truly a Bahamian
sport. It's one of those sports
where a lot of young people
are now getting interested in it
and it's a sport that we see a
lot of growth and develop-
ment in it.
"We look forward to a very
competitive year."
Burn House products such
as Kalik, Smirnoff, Ole Nas-

sau and Gilbey's will be mak-
ing their contribution to the
regatta season, according to
Stanley Wilson, brand man-
ager for Kalik, said they look
forward to an exciting 2005
season and sailing is one of
the events for which they will
be producing a lot of exciting
Those interested in secur-
ing stalls for the regatta are
urged to contact Anita Col-
lie-Pratt, the BBOSA's assis-
tant secretary.

Local organizations

reflect on their 2004

Junior Sports Reporter

THIS year was a banner
year for Bahamian sports with
the nation enjoying Olympic
medal success and tennis star
Mark Knowles landing a
grand slam title with doubles
partner Daniel Nestor. Many
local organizations and asso-
ciations also fulfilled their
goals during 2004 and they
reflected on a year to remem-

- Danny Sumner: "When I
look back at the year and the
many things we had planned
and accomplished, I must say
that this year was fantastic.
We participated in many tour-
naments and I must say that
the athletes performed on a
very high level, despite us not
participating in the World
Championships. The federa-
tion was able to form a new
association down in Grand
Bahama and plans are being
scheduled to develop the
sport in the other Family

TION Paul Farquharson:
"Despite all the postpone-
ments we had, I would say

that the 2004 year went pretty
smooth for the NPVA. The
association's main focus was
to boost the sport by hosting
more tournaments and
leagues, this was accom-

which will be filled with tour-

cer) Lionel Haven: "There

ment plan, which we were
working with for the last three
years, were attained but we
still have some work to do as
we try to develop the sport
locally. Our local develop-
ment will be the thrust of our
goals, we are trying to uplift
the sport and hosting several
of the courses, this year has

Rex Burnside I don't
remember much disappoint-
ment but I must say we found
a treasure that was filled with
success, this year was superb.
We were able to host several
powerlifting tournaments, we
hosted an outstanding nation-
al championships and for the
first time we had a New Prov-
idence bench competition. I
must say that our junior pro-
gramme is going very well and
we wish to expand on this
programme. The one big dis-
appointment was that we
weren't able to send the team
to the World Champi-

Cargill-Sherman: "This is the
first year for the league, our
first game was on 27th Janu-
ary, and I must say that it was
a success but there is always
room for improvement. We
were able to complete a sea-

son and start a next another,
which is going pretty well, but
the success couldn't have
been achieved if it wasn't for
the teams, executive members
and cooperate sponsors. I
would like to thank them for a
great season and encourage
them to continue on. My wish
for the league is to see more
of the female coaches partici-
pate, especially those who are
involved in the school pro-
grammes. Their participation
will encourage some of the
junior players."

TION Alphonso Albury:
"The 2004 season thus far was
very successful, we were able
to play 95 per cent of the
games without hitches, while
every team made a gallant
effort to uplift the play in the
league. There has been a
change in the league as play-
ers and referees put their best
foot forward to make this
league a success. Every team
is bringing much needed
excitement, as we welcome
new teams. The biggest prob-
lem we have is facility, we
have to go through a lot of
red tape when it comes to the
gym so if we are able to
secure a gym, that will be
great if we can secure a gym
what we can call our own. We
would like to build play in the
league, introducing more
tournaments next year."

polished. The year started out
pretty well as we 'spiked off'
with New Year's tournament,
rekindled the fire with the
Corporate League and cooled
the waters with beach volley-
ball. However, our premier
league lost a little faith as one
problem after another impact-
ed the league. Fans and play-
ers alike were disgruntled and
not as sympathetic to the
league's plight, but it went
well overall and we are look-
ing forward to the new year

are different measures of suc-
cess, this was indeed a suc-
cessful year as we were able
to accomplish many of our
goals, especially those man-
dated by FIFA. We had many
teams travel this year, for the
first time the under 17 girls
and the under 19 boys, who
played in their second outing.
We were also able to conduct
a number of programmes
which will help us continue
with the soccer vision. Many
of the targets in our develop-


-. =

* PHOTO above shows junior and collegiate golfers of The Bahamas Golf Federation at Nassau's International Airport
preparing to travel onto Puerto Rico to compete in the annual 3 Kings Invitational Golf Tournament.

Bahamas' junior

ers are

hoping to rule the '3 Kings'

JUNIOR Golf will start the year off
with a bang under the progressive lead-
ership of Dion Godet, Chairman of the
Junior Division of The Bahamas Golf
Federation. Five of the federation's most
talented youngsters are in San Juan,
Puerto Rico for the annual 3 Kings Invi-
tational Golf Tournament, January 3 5,
2005. They were due to arrive in time
for practice rounds on Monday. The 36
hole tournament begins Tuesday.
The tournament will host junior and
collegiate golfers from the Bahamas, he
United States, Colombia, U.S. Virgin
Islands, St. Thomas and, of course, the
host country Puerto Rico.
Our golfers have faced the majority

of these players over the years, and are
expected to make a good showing for
the Bahamas.

* Representing The Bahamas are:
Devaughn Robinson 16 yrs Queens
College Grade 12, Handicap 2
Alena Hutcheson 16 yrs Lyford Cay
School, Grade 11, Handicap 8
Georgette Rolle 19 yrs Texas State
University, Sophmore, Handicap 6
Riccardo A. Davis 16 yrs Saddle-
brook Preparatory School, Handicap 4
Not pictured, Harold Fountain Jr. 16
yrs. Queens College, Grade 11, Hand-
icap 10

THE Baptist Sports Council will hold
its annual Family Fun Run/Walk race
on Saturday, January 29, starting 7am
at the Charles W. Saunders High
School, Jean Street. The fun run will
cover a three mile course into Fox Hill,
while the fun walk will take a 1.5 mile
course around Soldier Road. Both
events will end back up at the Charles
W. Saunders High School. Registration
fee is $5 per person. Trophies will be
presented to the first three finishers in
both the men and women categories in
both events. Registration forms can be

picked up from the Bahamas Baptist
Missionary and Educational Conven-
tion, Baillou Hill Road.
The Baptist Sports Council will hold
a meeting on Saturday, January 15 at
10am at the Bahamas Baptist College,
Jean Street for all Churches interested
in participating in the 2005 basketball
league. All Churches are requested to
send two representatives. The league
will officially start on Saturday, Febru-
ary 5 at the Charles W. Saunders High
School, Jean Street. Registration fee is
$100.00 per team.

I I Y 'IIL V~I V *I *.

"We had many teams travel
this year, for the first time the
under 17 girls and the under
19 boys, who played in their
second outing. We were also
able to conduct a number of
programmes which will help
us continue with the soccer

Lionel Haven,
Bahamas Football Association

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Australia take 36

lead in fir

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* SYDNEY, Australia

his first test hundred in the 12
months since becoming Aus-
tralian skipper, scoring an
unbeaten 155 Monday to give
his lineup a 36-run first-innings
lead in the third cricket
test, according to Associated
At stumps on the second
day, Australia was 340 for four
in reply to Pakistan's 304.
Pointing was batting with vice-
captain Adam Gilchrist, who
was unbeaten on 17.
Pointing's previous triple-fig-
ure innings was his 257 against
India at Melbourne in Decem-
ber 2003, when he finished the
calendar year with an Aus-
tralian record 1,503 test runs.
He'd had five half centuries,
including two dismissals in the
90s, in his nine tests as captain
after replacing Stephen Waugh
last January.

After going so close when
he made 98 in the first test
against Pakistan in Perth last
month, Ponting broke the
drought with his 21st test hun-
dred to put Australia on
course for a series whitewash.
Pointing, who batted for
almost 5 1/2 hours and belted
23 boundaries, said it was a
relief to reach his 100 after a
long wait.
"I've been worried that not
scoring one for the whole cal-
endar last year was a bit dis-
appointing," he said. "I made a
couple of 90s and few 50s, but
didn't get that century.
"As far as getting that first
one as captain under my belt, I
wasn't ever thinking about
that," he added.
"I guess mainly because the
side's been so successful.
"I didn't feel any extra pres-
sure trying to get one as
skipper. But it's a good feel-
ing, a good way to start the
Ponting shared a 174-run
third-wicket partnership with
Damien Martyn (67) and put
on 61 for the fourth wicket
with Michael Clarke (35).
Legspinner Danish Kaneria

ended both those partnerships,
having Martyn and Clarke
stumped by wicketkeeper
Kamran Akmal.
He also bowled Matthew
Hayden (26) before lunch and
returned 3-106 from 30 overs
in a depleted Pakistan bowl-
ing attack.
Kaneria was later fined 100
percent of his match fee, esti-
mated at 12,000 Australian
dollars after match referee
Ranjan Madugalle found him
guilty of using abusive or
insulting language to send off
Rana Naved-ul-Hasan
picked up the first, and only
other, wicket for Pakistan
when he bowled Justin Langer
(13) with Australia's total at
26. He finished with 1-61 from
14 overs.
Paceman Shoaib Akhtar,
supposed to be leading a pace
attack missing injured regulars
Mohammad Sami and
Abdul Razzaq, bowled 10
overs in three sessions and had
"We've had a very good day
today, we have to capitalize on
that tomorrow and get as many
with the last few batsmen as
we can," said Ponting. "If we
get another 100 runs, it'll be a
great result and it'll be hard
for Pakistan to get back into
the game from there."

Pakistan, resuming at 292 for
nine, was all out within four
overs on the second day when
Kamran (47) edged Glenn
McGrath to Shane Warne at
first slip.
Kamran had batted with No.
11 Mohammad Asif for 41
minutes to edge Pakistan
above 300 after the tourists,
who'd been cruising at 193 for
one courtesy of Salman Butt's
maiden test hundred, lost eight
wickets for 87 runs.
McGrath ended with 4-50
and legspinner Stuart MacGill,
recalled after nine months,
took 5-87.
Australia has already
secured the three-match series
with a 491-run win in Perth
and a nine-wicket win in Mel-

0 PAKISTAN'S Danih kainena cklmleh tehe l ich-
et of Australia's Richael CIarke. diindId % hr 3.; riiihin.
during play on the second da ii tith third crilvO %L. I atI
the Sydne yCricket Ground, lon'l i'. I n. 21105. AI
sIImps Australia are 4 for 4I34 in Ihei ,i ri i Mnl .ill

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Fax: (242) 328-2398
E-Mail: sports@100jamz.com


Senior Sports Reporter

THE CI Gibson Rattlers held onto
their Christmas Invitational Basket-
ball Classic for the second consecutive
year after seeing off the highly-fan-
cied CV Bethel Stingrays in overtime
on Thursday night.
Thanks to six points in the period
from guard Terrance Brown, the Rat-
tlers managed to pull off a tight 97-95
victory at the Kendal Isaacs Gymna-
sium. Brown finished with a side high
21 points to go along with five boards
and four assists.
SForward Kevin Armstrong con-
tributed 18 points with nine boards
and two assists. He was named the
game's most valuable player.
Drameco Moxey had 14 points and
four rebounds Lavardo Hepburn had
:14 points and four blocks and Theran
Cox chipped in with 11 points and
nine assists.
For the Stingrays, Gamialion Rose
had 24 points and 17 rebounds, while
Ronnie Cardo had 22 points and 14
rebounds. Carl Rodgers had 17 points
and nine rebounds and Javaughn
Atkins finished with 10 points and
eight rebounds.
It was a showdown between a
group of brothers on the sidelines as
the younger Kevin 'KJ' Johnson,
assisted by Wilton, pulled off the vic-
tory for the Rattlers over Thurment
Johnson, who was assisted by Wayne,
"CV Bethel, like I told everybody,
are a very good team this year," said
KJ Johnson, excited to have taken
the early edge. "They're going to be a
team to reckoned with. I feel like they
can beat anybody in the country, once
they come to play.
"But I think our guys wanted more.
Our determination and our desire
was greater than theirs. But I think if
my team had listened more, we could
have been at least 10 points better.
Because they didn't listen, we got
burned on:the defensive end."
Johnson saidwith the Government
Secondary Schools.Sports Associa-
tion getting ready to start next week
as they march towards the prestigious
Hugh Campbell Basketball Classic in
February and this is just an indica-
tion of what to expect.

"I think CV Bethel will only get
better as a team. I know CI Gibson
will because I saw a lot of mistakes we
need to work on as a team and we
will do that," he insisted. "So defi-
nitely we will work on boxing out a lot
more, being aware of the shot clock
and our timing needs to bebetter. So
there's a lot of things we need to work
on like passing the ball accurately.
Once we get those things down and
concentrate on the small things, we
will be a much better team."
However, Thurment Johnson saioa
while some mental mistakes and free
Sthrow shooting hurt them most in the
final, they will be back for revenge
in the upcoming season. '
"We still have a lot of things to
work on to make sure that we
improve ourselves in all of the differ-
ent areas that we need to improve
Son," said Thurment Johnson of his
The Stingrays, despite the loss, are
being considered one of the two
teams to challenge the Rattlers this
season. The other is the CR Walker
Knights, who didn't play in this tour-
Johnson said he's not going to let
the talk interfere with what he expects
from his Stingrays on the co t.
"A lot of people say th gs and
people can say anything, so respect
that," he admits. "But I have been
telling my guys we just have to take
one game at a time and do the things
that we ought to do correct in the
game and stay focus on what they
have to do.
"We will take it one game at a time
and if we do that, we will get to where
we ought to be. But people can say
anything and I don't mind what they
say. We just have to go out there
and do what we have to do to get
The Stingrays got to the final by
ousting the visiting Sir Jack Hayward
Wildcats from Grand Bahama, while
the Rattlers eliminated the St.
Augustine's College Big Red
However, in the consolation game,
the Wildcats went home with the third
place trophy as they routed the Big
Red Machines 90-49.
Amardo Hepburn di, ost of the
damage with 22 points; Jl ;y Adder-
ley had 13 points and rebounds;
Gervaise Culmer had 1 points and
seven rebounds and point
guard Rashad Nesbitt scored 10
points, six rebounds, six assist and
five steals..
Frisco McKay paced the Big Red
Machines with 10 points and five
rebounds; Davon Munnings had 10
points and seven rebounds and Gilroy
Albury had nine points and three


in the
i stage' for sports

Snin the Bahamas
Sas a
level- performances of all the teams," said Wisdom.
r this "We can't leave out the achievement of
the Devard Darling, his introduction to the NFL
the and the successful hosting of tournaments, the
nister junior boys basketball team and all th6 other
of the teams that represented their country to the
istry, best of their abilities, like true ambassadors."
s and During the first three months of last year, the
ented process of evaluation took place, which allowed
chal- the government to re-exam sporting facilities to
It did- enhance the growth and interest of all sports.
Irts of For Wisdom, the process of spawning sports
vill be for future generations is phased in four sec-
tions; evaluation, transition, development and
r was completion.
. Wis-
hich I Completion
hal. It
tried Wisdom, who boasts of the completion of the
t Henry Crawford national training centre, two
pt of junior baseball fields and the upgrading of
udera facilities in the Family Islands, proclaimed that
the restorations to facilities will continue
clear- throughout the year.
or the "We are really trying to restore the facilities
rgan- min the Family Islands first,.so we can generate
'rgan- more national teams," said Wisdom, who
reflected on the damages caused by the recent
neces- hurricanes.
ts we "This was our plan as we look at the devel-
Sper- opment in all the sports, the only way this can
unique happen if all the federations and associations
ruling, take part."
aerU Appointed
owles Thomas Robinson was recently appointed
nd the the consultant to the ministry, he will be con-
over- touring to the ministry for the national sports
a development.
A 75 per cent rating was given by Wisdom
when grading the success of last year the
percentage included the physical development
of athletes, facilities and tournaments.
"It is very difficult to grade the accomplish-
ments and achievements, because the goals
didn't include things of a trivial nature," he
said. "We have developed several centres, but
in the long run all the development is for the
betterment of the country."
According to Wisdom the 'ball is rolling' on
the developments of sports and the goals and
plans that his ministry have "pencilled in" will
be achieved.
He added: "We believe that we are well on
our way fulfilling the obligations and the goals
which are in our plans.
"We are now awaiting the return of the Chi-
nese technical group so we can go on with the
preparation of our new national stadium. In
association with the Bahamas Associations
of Athletic Associations to host the CAC

MINISTER of Youth, Sports
and Culture Neville Wisdom is
looking forward to 2005

\ :-- ."

B A~~? M H-;'Iv I; K-.i..; :N




he althy,

. .



Tribune Featl

ure Writer

ot every resolution
needs to be one that's a
"::I daily struggle. Fortu-
nately, some choices
-' need to be made less
fequently. although they can boost
your well-being throughout the year:
S1. Decide to get a physical
SEveryone needs a complete physical
annually. What is included in that
depends on age, and family history.
For women who menstruate, PAP
smears should be done annually. Post-
imenopausal women who hae had
three consecutive normal PAP smears,
and no previous history of abnormali-
ties or family history of pelvic cancer,
and are monogamous, they can decide,
with their physician, whether tests
every two years are sufficient.
After age 40, cholesterol and dia-
betic testing should also be included in
this physical. Although some health-
caie professionals say less frequent
cholesterol checks are fine, obstetri-
cian and gynaecologist Dr -Mildred
Hall-Watson, of the Health Care Cen-
Ire for Women. says that thanks to the
Bahanman lifestyle, more regular cho-._
lesterol checks need to be done.
T,. "There is the school of thought thabt?
Sthe cholesterol testing doesn't need to~-
be done annually, but I think with our
lifestyle and our diet here in the
Bahamas, it probably should be done
because we know that cardiovascular
disease is our biggest problem as far as
morbidity and mortality." she points
Also expect your annual physical to
include'a breast exam and for women
over 40, mammograms.
2. Pick the right contraceptive
Join the growing ranks of women
who are well informed about contra-
ceptive methods that are available -
and who can question the options
offered to them.
"Before, it was 'I need to be on
something'. the doctor gale them
something, they took it. I think now
[womep] tend to be a little bit more
discerning as to what it is that they
want,? says Dr Hall-Watson. "I think
healthcare providers, too, tend to be a
little bit more explanatory as to what is.
appropriate, so the patients ha'e more
information in order to make a good
'As with tests, family history and
lifestyle -will dictate which birth coh-
trol methods are best for you. Hor-
mone-related options w whether pill or
injection may not suitable for those
with family history of female genital
cancer breast or pelvic liver, sickle
cell disease, poorly controlled diabetes
and hypertension, while those with a
personal history of recurring pelvic
infections or uterine fibroids may need.
to be careful with Intrauterine Devices.
Says Dr Hall-Watson: Teens .and
younger women may need to steer
clear of quarterly injected birth control
methods; although they're convenient
because there's no need to remember
to take a pill daily, they cin alter the"
"Instead, consider other options
until after age 20, when periods are
regularr and any menstrual and ovula-

Mo S

* EXERCISING regularly is a must for a healthy lifestyle.
(Posed by model)

tion irregularities will have shown up.
3. Choose a doctor you're comfort-
able with
While some.women don't want to
ask questions, if you're curious about
your healthcare, tests and treatments,
make sure your doctor is one who's
willing to answer questions and spend
time sitting with you to discuss your
According to Dr Hall-Watson, some

women still cling to the ideal that men
are more knowledgeable than women,
and may be more likely to listen to a
male doctor than a female doctor.
"They want the empathy of a female
physician, but they still have that 'he's
a man so he should know if he says
that's the way itis, then that's the way
it is'. And sometimes I don't think they
even appreciate that that's the way
they're thinking. The expectations:are
different. What they will accept from a

male physician without question, they
will not accept from a female physi-
On the other hand, some women
may feel.more comfortable asking
:questions of a female doctor while
others have no interest in asking any-
"If getting detailed answers is not
something that you're interested in,
then fine. But if it is, then you want to
know that the doctor is prepared to

do that," she says.
Also, bear in mind that even a qual-
ified doctor may need to refer you to
another physician which doesn't
mean that she or he is underqualified.
"If I refer you, it doesn't necessarily
mean that I'm a dumb doctor. I'm
referring you because I feel that for
you to get the maximum of what you
need, that particular individual can do
it better... sometimes because patients
don't understand that, doctors don't
refer as often as they should, in some
instances," Dr Hall-Watson says.
4. Know yourself wel
Even before you feel comfortable
with your doctor, you need to be com-
fortable with yourself. Keep an eye
out for changes in your body, particu-
larly in the breasts and pelvic area.
Remember to do monthly breast self-
exams. If you're experiencing discom-
fort anywhere even if it's not debili-
tating, or is recurrent but not continu-
ous, check on it after two to three
"The body doesn't hurt if it's okay...
the body gives us warnings, though it
may not be something serious but it
may be the beginning of something
serious, and something which is pre-
ventable." says Dr Hall-Watson.
She'estimates that only 25-30 per
cent of patients she knows are well
aware of what's going on inside them-
Fight the temptation to avoid self
examinations either from fear of find-
ing something wrong, or feeling inad-
equate about knowing what the prob-
lem is.
"A lot of people say 'I don't want to
check it because either I don't know
what I'm looking for, or I don't want to
find anything.' And I think that's such
a negative attitude towards yourself
because first of all, we're not asking
you to make a diagnosis, we're asking
you to check your breasts regularly to
see that it remains the same from
month to ironth or year to year, or
whether it is different," she says.
"Nobody is saying that you're going
to make a diagnosis. A lot of people
have lumpy breasts, but you need to
know what your normal lumps are.
Other people say 'well I don't want to
find anything' which I have some prob-
lems with, because we all know that
the earlier you find it, the better it is
for you... if you can prevent that from
happening by simply checking, why
5. Choose kindness
Be kind to yourself starting with
improving diet and exercise. "We need
to stop eating fried chicken, peas and
rice, and potato salad for lunch," says
Dr Hall-Watson.
Rest is important, too, although
sleep pattern varies form person to
person. You may function just fine
on as little as four hours nightly, or
need as many as 10, but she suggests
aiming for at least six hours nightly,
for the average woman. Figure out
what is appropriate for you, and adjust
your schedule to include more sleep
if you're feeling tired.
She suggests following that up with a
healthy mindset. Take time regularly
that's just for you not for your work,

See HEALTHY, Page 2C

onF Fabric Softene.

I.iH/As fea, yOu o *favouit tore "
-~ .I..- .g..i t
-f ; .,_ ... .*" ... .*=.i. .

10,so ,es ^ "n ..A . tel: 242-394-179 l~ftx: 242-394-1859 emailW bwabahamaS@ -M


: .'..

9 ideas for a better diet

Tribune Feature Writer

January generally
brings high hopes of
shedding pounds, fan-
tastic fitness and
health heaven, which
often peter out long before
May. If you're thinking of
breaking in a new diet for the
new year, be sure you don't
bite off more than you can
Here are some ways to
approach changes and improve-
ments to your eating style, so
goals can be reached and main-
tained instead of abandoned:

1. Set realistic goals
Put health goals in perspec-
tive, and make sure they are
not only achievable, but rea-
sonable. If you're planning on
weight loss, don't set ridicu-
lously high standards or expect
instant results. "Slow and easy
is better," says Julia Lee, regis-
tered dietician at Doctors Hos-
That means setting yourself a
steady goal of exercise four
days weekly for half an hour -
rather than super human plans
that feature unreasonable
amounts of exercise that your
schedule and body can't
keep up with.
Also, try re-evaluating your
goals regularly to see whether
they still seem realistic, and
whether you're meeting them.
For example, if you can't do
long sessions four times week-
ly, try shorter but more fre-

1. Find fibre
High fibre diets are asso-
ciated with lower colon can-
cer rates, and fibre-rich foods
can be more filling than their
refined counterparts (think
of a slice of white bread com-
pared to a whole-wheat
slice), which means you may
find yourself needing to eat
less. Aim for 20-35 grams
daily for adults, 5 grams plus
age, for children.

2. Get green greens
Greens that are darker are
more nutritious than com-
monly used iceberg lettuce:
romaine has two to four
times more calcium, double
the potassium, and up to
eight times more beta-
carotene. Romaine, green
leaf, red leaf, spinach, or oth-
er darker varieties also add
new. interesting flavours and
textures, making salads more
appealing. Instead of pale
cabbage, try deep-green kale,
which has a strong flavour.
and provides beta carotene,
iron. calcium, potassium and
vitamin E.

3. Get enough sleep
Inadequate rest can leave
you cranky, unable to con-
centrate, and making poor
judgements, and long-term
can contribute to high blood
pressure, depression, muscle
pain, diabetes and.early
onset of kidney disease. Reg-
ularly treat yourself to
between six and 10 hours -
most adults need about eight
hours nightly.

4. Brighten up your meals
A brightly coloured diet
brings a variety of health
benefits: tomatoes and pink
grapefruits provide lycopene,
thought to help cancer pre-
vention; orange pumpkins,
carrots and oranges are rich
in cancer, preventing beta-
carotene; broccoli and
squash also help ward off
cancer and loss of vision;
onions, garlic and leeks help
prevent cancer and keep the
heart healthy.

5. Take time to laugh
Not only is it unquestion-
ably fun, a good laugh gets
your heart racing, and keeps
heart rate elevated for up to
five minutes afterwards.

6. Wear sunscreen
Reduce the risk of skin
cancer by using sunscreen,
and avoiding long exposure
at peak hours between 10 am
and 2 pm.

7. Get active
Regular exercise improves

quent sessions.
"Make sure your diet plan is
balanced, moderate, and
doable," says Mrs Lee, who
wains against diet plans that
eliminate entire food groups,
or are highly specialised.
Weight loss shouldn't be the
only purpose for improving eat-
ing habits aim for overall bet-
ter health. Temporary crash
diets aren't likely to succeed,
particularly if you plan'to drop
weight, then return to old eat-
ing habits, which will take you
back to the same old dress or
pants size.

2. Don't be a fanatic
An all-or-nothing approach
can lead to the belief that if you
slip up once, or can't meet huge
goals, the whole plan has failed.
Once you've set goals for
healthier eating, don't beat
yourself up if you occasionally
have less healthy foods.
"You have a birthday party,
and you have cake. That does-
n't mean that you've blown
your healthy eating pattern for
a year, and you throw it all out
of the window," says Mrs Lee,
who suggests remembering the
"90-10 Rule".
'If you eat healthy 90 per
cent of the time, that 10 per
cent where you are not strictly
adhering to your goal of eating
in a healthy way, the important
thing is that 90 per cent of the
time you are doing a good job,
and you shouldn't beat your-
self up because of a small indis-
cretion, maybe at a party," she

muscle tone, aids in stress
reduction, and can help cir-
culation, digestion, body
image, energy, and concen-
tration. If you can't afford a
gym, try working out with a
video tape or fitness chan-
nel programme at home, or
walking in the mornings or
evenings with family or a
friend. If it's hard to find
time for long stints of exer-
cise, break workouts into
shorter, more frequent inter-

8. Boost fruit and veggie
If the 5-9 recommended
minimum of veggies and
fruits sounds overwhelming.
boost your intake by sneak-
ing produce into regular
dishes. Top cereal with sliced
banana or some raisins, add
lentils or extra beans to a
soup, add extra carrots, peas,
pumpkin or other veggies to
rice or meat dishes.

9. Try new foods
Make meals more inter-
esting with nutritious cuisine
from other cultures, like
humus, a Middle-eastern
chickpea dip, or Baba-
Ganouj, made of pureed egg-
plant. Or make standard
foods like a salad take on
a new flavour with sliced sun
dried tomatoes, toasted pine
nuts, or crumbled feta

10. Don't let food spoil
Avoid the risk of food
spoiling by making sure food
isn't left unrefrigerated for
over two hours in tempera-
tures above 90 F, put food
away after an hour. After
that time, harmful bacteria
can begin to multiply quick-
ly in food that is left out. At
work, make sure goodies on
offer haven't been sitting
around for too long. For
children's lunches, include
an ice pack or frozen drink
to help their food stay cool.

11. Be clean at work
Remember to wash hands
before lunch or snacks at
work, particularly since you
may share phone receivers,
keyboards, and other appli-
ances, with many other peo-
ple. Or keep a bottle of hand
sanitizer or packs of hand
wipes in your desk drawer.

holisticonline.com, med-
broadcast.cor, American
Dietetic Association, Home
Food Safety, Discovery
Health Channel, whole-

When trying to incorporate
more healthy practices, it may
be easier to make small
changes. For example, if you're
accustomed to a hot lunch
every day, don't switch to daily
salads right away. Instead,
incorporate a change once
weekly, or a few times a week.

3. Make it a family affair
Include the whole household
in the switch to better eating
practices. This means you won't
have to prepare foods for mul-
tiple eating styles, and creates
an atmosphere where healthy
eating as a way of life, not a
passing fad or individual, per-
haps unusual, choice. Good diet
plans feature foods that every-
one in the family should be eat-
"You don't want to have a
cupboard that is just healthy
items, and then give the chil-
dren the sugary, high-fat donuts
and sugary cereals and greasy
foods, or you eat a salad while
the rest of the family is eating
junk food," says Mrs Lee. "It's
something that should tran-
scend into the family lifestyle ...
It's better to adopt these
lifestyles as just that an eating
lifestyle, not a temporary diet,
that the whole family partici-
pates in as a lifestyle."

4. Eat at home
Making meals yourself
means you're aware of the
ingredients, can make sure
they're not too greasy and are
less salty. And you can substi-
tute whole grains like brown
rice and whole wheat flour for
the refined ones that are often
used in restaurants and fast-
food places.
SEating out is often a faster
option, so try making home
cooking easier by making large
quantities at a time so you can
have portions left over for oth-
er meals, or try quick prepara-
tions like sandwiches and
Make healthy meals at home
interesting by buying and learn-
ing to prepare a different veg-
gie or fruit every week. "You
don't have to make a big deal
out of it," says Mrs Lee. "You
can try one new vegetable a
week. You can "forget" to buy
ice cream one week. You can
reduce the fast food number of
times you go you don't have
to eliminate it but reduce it to
once a week.
Whether you're eating at
home or out, make water, not
sweet drinks, the primary drink.
Beware of 'ades' like lemon-
ade which can be sugary, and
don't rely on punches, and even
too much juice, to quench

5. Put food in perspective
Reducing junk and fast foods
shouldn't turn them into treats
or rewards. That mindset can
give the message that unhealthy
foods are fun and special, while
healthy foods are staid and
mundane. "A treat can be spe-
cial raspberries," says Mrs Lee,
not using wrong types of foods
as rewards, like treats, like
"you're good.today, you can
have a soda."
Or steer away from the idea
of food as a reward, and use
things like going to a movie as a

6. Don't wait too long to eat
Don't go more than five or
six hours and definitely not
all day without eating. When
you go all day without food, it's
tempting to overeat. "Avoid
being in a situation where you
are very famished and waiting
for whatever is quick and fast...
There's also a risk of grabbing
high-fat, high sugar items when
you get famished," says Mrs
Lee, who also points out that
energy is needed through the
day. She suggests keeping fruit,

low-fat crackers, and dry cere-
al on hand for times so cookies
and vending machine snacks
aren't the only option.
Also try making up your own
trail mix. Choose favourite
cereals 4ke wheat and chex
squares and spice it up with
pretzels and your favourite nuts
and dry fruit.

7. 'Make diet changes part of
overall well-being
Focus on mindset, fitness,
and rest, which help in overall
well-being, and can actually
benefit healthy eating habits.
"Exercise, positive mental
attitude, adequate rest, stress
management all of those
things encompass a healthy
lifestyle. Healthy eating is one
component of it, but they all
work together... If somebody
is not well rested, there's a ten-
dency to that it'll translate into
other components of life such
as eating in an unhealthy way -
grabbing things, losing willpow-
er, losing healthy perspective

Healthy (From page 1C)

significant other, children, or friends and
make yourself available only to yourself.
"Try setting aside an hour or two a week
for emotional and mental renewal, and
spend the time however you please read-
ing, sitting on the beach, gardening, having
a relaxing soak or just closing yourself in
your room with instructions that you're
not to be disturbed so, says Dr Hall-Wat-
son, "you're just able to commune with
There's a physical reason for that. "When
you're stressed, under normal circum-
stances, you produce a significant amount
of tress hormones, primarily which are
steroids, and after a while they can work on
your system, causing a lot of cellular degen-
eration, and cellular degeneration over a
period of time is not good," Dr Hall-Wat-
son explains.
Cellular degeneration can lead to prob-
lems like reduced immune system func-

on food, eating more to try to
stay awake with the television -
it is a component of a healthy
lifestyle," says Mrs Lee.
The dietician explains that
moderate, regular exercise
works as an appetite suppres-
sant. Indirectly, it helps circu-
lation, posture, and mental
well-being, and physically, it
helps the body use energy
more efficiently, which means
you may need to eat less.

8. Don't forget breakfast
As many times as it has been
said, the importance of break-
fast holds just as true. In addi-
tion to warding off snacking on
unhealthy foods when hunger
strikes later, it provides energy
at the start of the day. Even if
you're not a big morning eater,
having just two items like fruit
and a piece of toast, within
three hours of waking up, is
good, especially since many
breakfast foods whole grain
cereals, fruit, milk and fortified
soy milk -contain B vitamins,

calcium, fibre, and a variety of
vitamins and minerals.
"There are good nutrients
that are gotten in breakfast
foods, so a person who skips
breakfast tends to have less
healthy nutrition for the rest of
the.day," says Mrs Lee. "They
might find themselves by 11:30
grabbing something sweet, and
not as healthful, so that at the
end of the day and this is
especially true for kids to miss
breakfast, you're missing, an
opportunity to get nutritious
food to energise your body for
the rest of the day."

9. Look at it as a lifestyle
Whether you start on the first
of January or the eighth of July,
adapting the way you eat
should be a change in lifestyle,
not an attempt to slim down
quickly for a wedding in four
weeks. Gradual, moderate
changes are easier to maintain,
and realising that occasional
high-fat, high-sugar foods aren't
the end of the world.

tion, and contributes to increased blood
pressure, which, in turn, can lead to hyper-
tension, which is linked to strokes and heart
attacks. And emotionally and mentally,
you may have trouble focussing.
Says Dr Hall-Watson: "We see a lot of
abdominal and gastric problems as a result
of people just being beaten down." Those
problems are hyperacidity, heartburn, and
abdominal pains with no tangible cause,
which are treated often with just stress
reduction. "When you relieve your stress,
you relieve a lot of your symptoms."
Refreshing yourself can leave you. with
more energy to be kinder to. each other.
"We need to be kinder to each other," she
says. "If we can just learn to be kind to
each other, we would go a longer way in
relieving our stress. If we are kinder to
each other, a lot of the stresses with the
backbiting and the gossiping and the pulling
down will be eliminated."

11 healthy

eating tips

"We see a lot of
abdominal and
gastric problems
as a result of people
just being beaten
down. When you
relieve your stress,
you relieve a lot of
your symptoms."

Dr Hall-Watson





your health questions answered

Is it possible to
have a vaginal
delivery after
a c-section?
YES, provided that the
condition for the first cae-
sarean is not recurring. For
instance, a woman with a
narrow birth canal will
always have such a pelvis
and will require caesareans
with all her births. Whereas a
women who has had a cae-
sarean for a breech presen-
tation if the next infant is
cephalic then she may
attempt a vaginal delivery
after having had a caesarean
This informative weekly
column provided by Doctors
Hospital is intended to edu-
cate women about important
issues regarding their health
and is not intended as a sub-
stitute for consultation with
an obstetrician/gynaecologist.

'Number one'


* Dr Reginald Carey

Please send questions via e-
mail to tribune@tribuneme-
dia.net or mrassin@doctor-
shsoptial.com. For more
information call 302-4707.

ew Ye

Tribune Feature Writer
If you're like many per-
sons who gorged dur-
ing the holidays, you've
probably vowed that
come January 1, you
will devote yourself to eating
healthier and working out.
Starting then, you will get fit.
And life will be much better
after December.
However, such New Year's
resolutions often fade into
oblivion as the days and months
creep on. And people find
themselves at the end of that
New Year back at the same
place they started, willing them-
selves to do better and stick
with it, this time around. At
least, that is what usually hap-

Tips for



to shed



WHEN on a quest to
lose weight, people rely
mostly on will power and
motivation from others to
keep them on the straight
and narrow.
But to ensure success,
general practitioner Dr
Patricia Forte says to
remember the following:
Improvement in your
personal health can only
come if you do it
Don't expect dramatic
changes to take place
Having an appoint-
ment with an exercise bud-
dy or a trainer ensures that
you will do it
Healthy eating habits
and regular exercise will
help to prevent diabetes,
hypertension and obesity,
and many other non com-
municable diseases.
But if you have some'
undiagnosed condition
then indulging in vigorous
exercise could do more
harm than good. Check
with a physician first!

According to Dr Dwight
Marshall, chiropractic doctor,
and personal trainer at Better
Bodies Fitness Centre, it seems
that the number one resolution
for the New Year-is to lose
weight. But in many of these
cases, he says, the resolvers do
not set realistic goals, and as a
result, do not see the results
they want.
"They are expecting quick
fixes and because they don't
see results right away, they
abandon the plans they had for
the resolution. Some people
say, 'well after a month, I want
to be able to lose 60 pounds,'
but you know, that's really
extreme and not safe. But they
use enhancers and put their
health at risk," says Dr Mar-
And while losing weight is a
challenge for both sexes,
women have more difficulty,
according to Dr Marshall. This
is because weight loss is based
on the percentage of muscle in
the body. Men are more genet-
ically predisposed to develop
muscle than women, so they
will burn more fat.
However, weight loss for
both sexes should be a gradual
process, says the doctor. "The
most important thing is not
what you do at the gym in
terms of the actual workout,
rather, what you do once you
leave the gym," he says. "So
nutrition is a huge part of see-
ing results in weight loss. One
should consume lots of whole
grains, fruits and vegetables.
"An ideal fitness programme
is one that allows the trainee
to lose weight over a period of
time. This is especially true for
persons who are making the
transition from a sedentary
lifestyle into a more active rou-
tine," the doctor notes.
"You can't rush that. It has to
be a gradual thing. Plus your
body needs time to adjust to
the new exercise programme
you are doing. You can't look
at it as just, my goal is to lose 50
pounds? You have to make this
a lifestyle change. It has to be
based on a lifestyle change
where it becomes a part of your
routine, instead of 'Oh, I have
to go to the gym to loose 60
If the individual should suc-
ceed in achieving weight loss,
and keeping it off, says the doc-
tor, that person needs to adopt
a new perspective on food,
nutrition and exercise. And that
means a change of attitude.
"Many people view exercise
as punishment for bad eating,
an obligation, a painful experi-
ence, too time consuming,
impossible to sustain over a
long period of time and boring.
These are the persons who may
not stick with the exercise pro-

Before getting into a weight
loss programme, adjust your
attitudes about exercise. Rather
than being negative, it may help
to look at exercise as a break
from a stressful workday, a way
to boost energy and moods, the,
only time you'll have to your-
self all day, a chance to'get
totally physical and let your
mind rest, a chance to reward
your body for working hard for
you all day, or a means of
improving your quality of life.
It is important, says Dr Mar-
shall, to get healthy and stay
healthy, not to lose a certain
amount of pounds.
"Once you learn how to
change your lifestyle, keeping it
(the weight) off is automatic
because you know how to eat
healthy. That's one of the ben-
efits of making exercise a
lifestyle, that you lose the
weight and its gonna stay off."
"While it is popular in nutri-
tion circles that an individual
should lose a maximum of only
three pounds per week, Dr
Marshall says that the number
of pounds lost should not be
standardised. Your body knows
what's best for it that's why
gradual is the best approach.
Everybody is different so every-
body reacts in a different way.
So you don't standardise to say
I have to lose a certain amount
of weight this week because
everybody is different. People
metabolise food differently so it
has to be on an individual
The doctor said two to three
pounds a week is safe, but there
will come a time when the body
hits a plateau. "If you notice,
with fitness with a beginning,
you start to lose weight and it
goes off very quickly, then you
hit a point where you are not
loosing any weight, and persons
get frustrated.
"A lot of times people make
the mistake of staying within
the same routine," says the doc-
tor. "Sometimes what you actu-
ally have to do is switch up,
because you have to actually
trick the body into losing more
weight. Your body is trying to
adapt to anything that's going
on, to any changes that you
make. It reaches a set point or
homeostasis and it tries to stay
at that set point. So once it fig-
ures out what you are doing,
once you stay in that routine,
the body adapts to it, and there
is no change."
For the average person, said
Dr Marshall, a good fitness pro-
gramme consists of exercises
that work out the whole body.
"A cardio workout improves
the function and health of the
heart, lungs and blood vessels.
Weight-bearing exercises
enhance the function and
health of the bones, muscles,
joints, and connective tissues."
Dr Marshall recommends

But chiropractic doctor says, in many cases,

resolvers do not set realistic goals, and as

a result, don't see results they want

cross-training in order to
"jump-start" the metabolism to
lose weight on a constant basis.
Fat burners are a popular
choice for most; however, Dr
Marshall does not recommend
these drugs, or any other radical
means to weight loss.
"There is the story with fat-
burners in the last year. You
had people in the US who died,
and it was blamed on the ther-

suffering from common lifestyle
conditions like diabetes, hyper-
tension, which is real common,
are at a greater risk. You have
to see where you are from a
physical standpoint before you
start any exercise programme
because you don't want to go
out there not knowing, and
cause more problems. Work-
ing out really puts a lot of extra
stress on the body. It stresses

"They are expecting quick fixes and
because they don't see results right away,
they abandon the plans they had for the
resolution. Some people say, 'well after
a month, I want to be able to lose 60
pounds,' but you know, that's really
extreme and not safe."
Dr Dwight Marshall

mogenics or fatburners they
were using. Some people
deprive themselves of eating,
but you set yourself up for oth-
er ailments because the body
becomes malnourished or dehy-
drated. It's like a domino effect;
once you start going down the
road, there are a lot of things
that could happen."
With this said, Dr Marshal
warns that it is also important
to check with a physician before
beginning any exercise pro-
"You find that many persons

the entire body."
According to general practi-
tioner, Dr Patricia Forte, an
individual should decide what
type of physical activity inter-
ests him, how accessible it is,
how easy it is to incorporate
into a daily schedule and how
much time he will devote to it
on a weekly basis.
But whatever the exercise
plan is for the new year,
whether it be as simple as a
home video gym workout, hir-
ing a personal trainer, tennis,
jogging, walking or yoga, that

individual should schedule a
general physical exam before
he starts, says the doctor.
"This exam will ensure that
the blood pressure is not ele-
vated, blood sugar is within nor-
mal limits, and that the heart
is functioning normal. You also
need to know whether your
weight is in the right range for
your height and bone structure,
as well as whether the lungs,
liver, kidneys and digestive tract
are functioning normally, and
whether cholesterol levels are
in an acceptable range."
Said Dr Forte: "Say you had
high blood pressure and you
didn't know, and you went run-
ning and jogging and doing all
kind of aerobic exercise and
you didn't have your blood
pressure under control, or you
went swimming in the sea. You
could have a heart attack or a
stroke. And if you had a blood
sugar problem, say high blood
sugar, and you over exerted
yourself, you could probably
get dizzy. A lot of these non-
communicable diseases are
silent and you may not know
you have it.
"Yes, you feel good, you feel
great, so you go ahead with that
exercise. This is not healthy.
The whole point is to check
yourself first before you get
started on anything, especially if
you want to make radical
changes like loose a lot of
weight or get real healthy. You
have to check with a doctor


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much a

part of Bahamian life'

Tribune Feature Writer

At the beginning of the
year, people often
vow to change prac-
tices that were prob-
lems, or perceived as
becoming a problem. And issues
related to health and well-being often
make it to the top of these new year's
resolution lists.
Dr Nelson Clarke, Chief Medical
Officer at Sahdilands Rehabilitation
.,Centre told Tribune Health that
'around this time of year a great per-
centage of persons vow either to cut
down, or stop their consumption of
alcohol altogether.
But according to the psychologist,
.one's level of success is dependent
.upon numerous issues; how alcohol
consumption is perceived in our soci-
ety, the fact that social drinking is
promoted, and how available it is.
-. "Alcohol is an accepted part of our
'way of life. And it is the most com-
'mon drug abused across all age
'groups in our country. It is very much
a part of Bahamian life," the doctor
For most people who drink, alcohol
,is a pleasant accompaniment to social
Activities. Moderate alcohol use up
to two drinks per day for men and
one drink-per day for rwomeni anidy:
'-older people is not harmful for most'
:'adults. (A standard drink is one 12-
C'ounce bottle or can of either beer or
-wine cooler, one 5-ounce glass of
wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof dis-
tilled spirits.) Nonetheless, a large
number of people get into serious
(trouble because of their drinking.
SAccording to Dr Clarke, who
chooses to use the term alcohol
dependence as opposed to alcoholism,
(though he says that both may be
interchangeable), the consumption of

Do you

have a



HOW can .ou tell whether \ou
may have a drinking problem?
Answering the following four
questions can help you find out:
Have you ever felt you
should cut down on your drink-
Have people annoyed you by
criticising your drinking?
Have you ever felt bad or
guilty about your drinking?
Have you ever had a drink
first thing in the morning (as an
"eye opener") to steady your
nerves or get rid of a hangover?
One "yes" answer suggests a
possible alcohol problem. If you
answered "yes" to more than one
question, it is highly likely that a
problem exists. In either case, it is
important that you see your doc-
tor or other health care provider
right away to discuss your answers
to these questions. He or she can
helpyou determine whether you
have a drinking problem and, if
so, recommend the best course of
Even if you answered "no" to
all of the above questions, if you
encounter drinking-related prob-
lems with your job, relationships,
health, or the law, you should seek
professional help. The effects of
alcohol abuse can be extremely
serious even fatal both to you
and to others.
National Institute
on Alcohol Abuse and
Alcoholism (United States)

alcohol comes at different levels.
Moderate drinking, otherwise
called social drinking, is a concept
where small quantities of alcohol are
consumed on an infrequent basis. The
social drinker does not experience a
compulsion to drink and is able to
control his intake.
It is a situation where you can stop
when you wish, being able to stay
away from alcohol for long periods
of time. You are not dependant on
drinking to make you feel good. Your
life, work, family, has not been affect-
ed negatively by your consumption,
Dr Clarke adds.
Though drinking at this level may
seem to go without consequence
because there-is relative control-to-
consumption, Dr Clarke warns that
moderate drinking can also lead to
problems. "For example, you can
become intoxicated only once and
have a bad road traffic accident. Or, at
work and you make a serious error of
judgement, after having had alcohol.
So even though people talk about
moderate drinking it can have seri-
ous consequences."
Alcohol dependence is charac-
terised by two critical patterns,
according to the psychologist. Firstly,
the person drinks to avoid withdraw-
al effects which are unpleasant symp-
toms which include nervousness and .
*.fausea; However;-when they haveo-i
alcohol these' symptoms subside.
Some people have what they call an
eye opener, or a drink early in the
morning, to avoid these symptoms.
And secondly, the alcohol depen-
dent individual experiences a change
in how the body manages alcohol. Ini-
tially, he would need large amounts of
alcohol before becoming intoxicated,
but later on when the disease is well
established and the liver has been
affected, even small amounts of alco-
hol would cause them to become
intoxicated relatively quickly.
But there is a bridge between these
two categories, says Dr Clarke prob-
lem drinking. This is a situation where
the individual is beginning to experi-
ence symptoms of alcohol depen-
The consequences of alcohol mis-
use are serious, and in many cases,
life threatening. Heavy drinking can
increase the risk for certain cancers,
especially those of the liver, oesoph-
agus, throat and larynx (voice box).
Because alcohol is a central ner-
vous system depressant, persons can
become uncoordinated and drowsy
from consumption, according to Dr
Clarke. Persons who take large quan-
tities can go into an alcohol coma, as
a result of the alcohol toxicity affect-
ing the brain.
Heavy drinking can also cause liver
cirrhosis, immune system problems,
brain damage and harm to the foe-
tus during pregnancy.
Over a period of time, individuals
can experience effects to the gas-
trointestinal tract. "Irritation in the
stomach and oesophagus, problems
with the pancreas, and what has come
up lately, the increased risk of cer-
tain cancers, particularly stomach
because of the irritant effects of alco-
hol overtime," Dr Clarke notes.
The cardiovascular system is also
affected as excessive drinking can lead
to blood pressure and heart disease.
"And even though there is a myth
out that some alcohol is good for the
cardiovascular system, particularly
small amounts of red wine, they can
get those same benefits from eating
the grapes," he adds.
Although some people are able to
recover from alcoholism without help,
the majority of alcoholic dependent
individuals need assistance. With
treatment and support many individ-
uals are able to stop drinking and
rebuild their lives.
According to Dr Clarke, one's
genetics may increase their risk of
alcohol dependence. Scientists have
found that having an alcoholic family
member makes it more likely that if
you choose to drink you too may
develop alcoholism.
Genes,; however, are not the whole
story. In fact, scientists now believe
that certain factors in a person's envi-
ronment influence whether a person
with a genetic risk for alcoholism ever
develops the disease. A person's risk
for developing alcohol dependence
can increase based on the person's
environment, including where and

Dotr as run hs'time6 of year s-gea

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alcohol use up to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women and older people
is not harmful for most adults.

how he or she lives; family, friends
and peer pressure.
Since Dr Clarke believes that alco-
hol dependence is a disease, there is a
cure, he says. However, it is a con-
cept that must be looked at closely, as
many people also have a relapse and
return to drinking after consistent
sobriety over an extended period of
"Its not a kind of disease with
infecting agent that you give people
medicine to treat. Treatment involves

if they did drink they would develop
unpleasant symptoms. They would
feel nauseous, have bad headaches,
and that was like a deterrent to stop
their drinking," the psychologist
But even taking medication'must
be voluntary, says the doctor. "Some
persons could decide one morning
not to take the pill because today they
plan to drink. So the effectiveness of
the medication depended on the per-
son's willingness to take it everyday.

"Alcohol is an accepted part of
our way of life. And it is the most
common drug abused across all age
groups in our country. It is very
much a part of Bahamian life."
Dr Nelson Clarke

the person's co-operation and a
change of lifestyle," he notes.
"People drink to deal with life's
problems so in getting well, they have
to get these straight, make radical
changes- friends that they have, what
they do for fun, how they cope with
stress, to ensure that they do not need
alcohol to deal with life."
In the past, he said, they used
Antabuse, a disulfiram drug which
was approved in 1949. "What hap-
pens is people took it every day, and

What we understand now is that a
lifestyle change is at the core of help-
ing someone move from problem
drinker or dependence to one that
can live without alcohol," the psy-
chologist notes.
Private counselling or meetings in
therapy groups like Alcoholics
Anonymous are effective.
About support groups, Dr Clarke
said: "I believe that they are aware of
the types of issues you face and they
themselves have intimate knowledge

of problem areas with people trying to
stop. But more important, they offer
very important moral encouragement
and support, and a safe environment
for people to discuss those issues in
their lives as they travel through the
journey of giving up the alcohol. And
even after they stop drinking, the sup-
port is ongoing."
Accepting the fact that help is need-
ed for an alcohol problem may not
be easy. But keep in mind that the
sooner you get help, the better the
chances for a successful recovery.
"For many people, denial is the
choice method of operation. They
think that if we don't talk about it or
give it a name and admit it is there,
then it doesn't exist. We cover it up,
make excuses, but families need to
accept that there is a problem," he
While Dr Clarke says that there is
no statistical data to support, he
believes that Bahamians with an alco-
hol dependence is a "growing group".
And the number of Bahamians who
can be classified as problem drinkers
is also increasing.
"I think we have done an excellent
job of educating the population on
the dangers of cocaine and so forth.
But I think maybe we have not done
as good a job with alcohol. There are
many young people involved with
alcohol, who say 'well, they say
cocaine is bad and alcohol is legal, so
I'm safe.'"
"The boundaries which exist for
persons using the illegal drugs are
not there. Twenty one is supposed to
be the drinking age, but in truth and
fact, many persons under the age of
21 do drink," Dr Clarke observes.


Awp.:* -r~


PAGE 6, T, J Y 4


Getting the

best out of

your microwave oven

SIN a previous article, the
Lighten Up & Live Healthy
team forwarded some tips on
how to use microwave ovens
effectively from the Caribbean
Food & Nutrition Institute's
Nyam News. In this issue, we
will continue with part two with
some safety tips and microwave

cooking saves
time in the
kitchen. It is
faster than
conventional methods of cook-
ing and energy is conserved.
Cooking time is much faster
and only the food is heated. In
conventional methods of cook-
ing, the water and air sur-
rounding the food are also heat-
ed, using up more energy.
The short time necessary
between thawing, cooking and
serving means food spends less
time in the temperature dan-
ger zone where it can become
One disadvantage, however,
is that food may not be cooked
evenly, leaving cold spots where
bacteria can grow and thrive.
For very busy persons,
reduced cooking time means
less time is spent in the kitchen.
Additionally, there is usually
less clean-up required, as very
often foods can be served in the
same containers in which they
have been cooked.

Is microwave cooking danger-
Most experts think not. Once
the door of the microwave is
properly sealed and safety pro-
cedures are followed.

Microwaves are simply a
source of heat energy just like
gas and electricity. There is no
evidence showing that
microwave cooking results in
any increased levels of radioac-
tivity, radiation or other harm-
ful compounds.
However, care should be tak-
en to ensure that the oven door
is not corroded, broken or oth-
erwise damaged, and that it fits
squarely and securely.
Clean your oven regularly
and remove food particles,
especially around the door seal.
Leftover food can chemically
break down and harden with
usage and eventually create
holes in your microwave.
Also, make sure that the lock
or latch works properly to pre-
vent the oven door from open-
ing while it is running.

Containers and wraps... What
is safe?
Check for labels that state
that the container is
"microwave safe". The best
choices are heat-proof glass and
ceramic cookware.
Most manufactures warn
against using metal containers,
containers with metal rims or
aluminum foil, as microwave
heat does not go through met-
als and they may pose a fire
hazard in most microwave
ovens. Note that the metal may
not always be very obvious, e.g.
small objects such as screws in
glass containers or in metal
twist ties covered with the
Some of the substances used
to make plastics can leak into
food when heated, but there
are certain plastics and plastic

wraps that are safe to use and
are labeled as such.
The label "microwave safe"
means that the item has been
tested and is found to be rea-
sonably safe within the margin
of safety.
However, even when using
microwave-safe plastic wraps,
it is best not to allow them to
come into direct contact with
the food.
Plastic margarine or ice-
cream containers are not rec-
ommended as they may melt
and it is possible that chemicals

the microwave oven.
If liquids become super heat-
ed, i.e. when they are heated
past boiling temperature, they
may erupt explosively while in
the oven or even after
Superheating may occur even
when liquid may not appear to
be boiling. A slight disturbance
or movement such as picking
up the cup, or pouring in a
spoonful of instant coffee may
cause a violent eruption with
the boiling water exploding out
of the cup.

...There is no evidence
showing that microwave
cooking results in any increased
levels of radioactivity, radiation
or other harmful compounds."

Lighten Up & Live Healthy team

from the container may seep
into the food. Styrofoam con-
tainers such as lunch boxes may
also melt if warmed for too
long, increasing the likelihood
of burns. Food wrapped in
brown paper, plastic grocery
bags or newspaper should not
be heated in microwave ovens.
Wax paper and white paper
towels may be used to cover

Avoid burns
Be careful when heating
liquids such as plain water in


Be careful with foods that
have distinctly different outer
and inner layers such as pies,
jelly donuts and fruit tarts. The
outside may be just warm to
the touch while the inside is
boiling hot.
Do not cook eggs in the
shell. The build-up of steam
inside can cause it to explode.
Just the same, foods with skin
may explode; use a fork or
sharp object to poke holes in
such foods before cooking in a
microwave oven.
Once you have heated con-

tainers such as microwave pop-
corns bags, make sure to open
them with the opening away
from you.
Heating bottles of milk or
food for the baby in the
microwave oven is not recom-
mended simply because the
temperature on the outside of
the bottle may feel safe, while
the contents may be scalding
hot. (In any case remember that
breastfeeding and cup-feeding
are better alternatives.)

Handy microwave cooking
Here are some general tips
to make life easier. Remember,
however, that these are just a
guide. The suggested times will
vary according to the amount
and type of food and the
specifics of your microwave,
e.g. wattage. Your microwave
oven manufacturer will likely
have provided you with a guide,
but you can also experiment to
find the ideal methods for your
To dry herbs, place a few
sprigs between paper towels.
Heat on "high" for 1 to 2 min-
utes or until dry and crumbly.
Check frequently. Timing may
vary with different herbs.
To dry lemon or orange
peel, place grated peel in a glass
bowl. Heat on "high" for 30 to
60 seconds or until dry. Stir
To decorate candies, cook-
ies or cakes with chocolate,
melt chocolate in a small
"microwave safe" plastic bag
in the microwave oven. Cut off
a corner and squeeze out.
To soften harden sugar,
place one cup in a dish with a

slice of bread or a wedge of an
apple. Cover with plastic wrap.
Heat on "high" for 30 to 60 sec-
To soften a stick of refrig-
erated butter, margarine or
cream cheese, heat for 30 sec-
onds on "high". To melt but-
ter, heat for one minute at 100
per cent power.
To toast coconut, spread
1/3 cup coconut in a nine-inch
pie plate ("microwave safe").
Cook on "high" for one-and-a-
half minutes or until golden
brown. Stir twice.
To cook rice, measure one
part rice to two parts water in a
"microwave safe" container.
Cook on "high" for 17 to 20
minutes. Fluff with a fork.
To get more juice from
oranges, limes and lemons,
microwave for a few seconds
before squeezing.
To remove an oven odour,
combine water with the juice
and peel of one lemon in a
small microwave safe bowl.
Heat on "high" for five min-
utes, wipe oven interior with
damp cloth.
To sanitise dish cloths and
sponges, after making sure that
they are damp, place in a plas-
tic bag or cover with a paper
towel and microwave for one
or two minutes on "high". Of
course, this should not replace
regular laundering.

Lighten Up & Live Healthy
is provided by Adelma Penn
and Camelta Barnes, nutrition-
ists from the Ministry of
Health/Department of Public

-One of the biggest economic,

social and health challenges in the world

'Stick to your

resolution to

lose weight'

NOW that we are in the
New Year, it is time to stick
to your resolution to lose
weight. Obesity increases
your risk of many diseases
including hypertension, heart
disease and even cancer.
Obesity can also increase
your risk of Type II diabetes
by as much as an amazing
5,000 per cent. Cancer of the
colon, rectum, and prostate
are prevalent among over-
weight men. Cancer of the
uterus, ovaries, breast can-
cer, gall bladder and bile duct

are found more commonly
in overweight women.
We are spending more
than $33 billion every year
on weight loss programmes
and yet we are still gaining
more weight. So, with statis-
tics like these, it's time to
learn the keys of living
healthy and start using them
to get healthy and stay
healthy in the New Year.

Source: Doctors

he (h'


REACH Resources &
Education for Autism and
related Challenges meets
from 7pm 9pm the second
Thursday of each month in
the cafeteria of the BEC
building, Blue Hill Road.

MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Bahamas meets the third
Monday every month, 6pm
@ Doctors Hospital confer-
ence room.

The Bahamas Diabetic
Association meets every
third Saturday, 2.30pm
(except August and Decem-
ber) @ the Nursing School,
Grosvenor Close, Shirley

Doctors Hospital, the offi-
cial training centre of the
American Heart Association
offers CPR classes certified
by the AHA.

The course defines the
warning signs of respiratory
arrest and gives prevention
strategies to avoid sudden
death syndrome and the
most common serious
injuries and choking that can
occur in adults, infants and
CPR and First Aid classes
are offered every third Sat-
urday of the month from
9am-lpm. Contact a Doctors
Hospital Community Train-
ing Representative at 302-
4732 for more information
and learn to save a life today.

Alcoholics Anonymous
meets @ 16 Rosetta St, Mon-
dav-Frida\ and Sunday,
6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-9.30pm,
and on Saturday, 10am-llam
& 6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-
9.30pm; @ Sacred Heart
Catholic Church, Shirley St,
on Friday at 6pm.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus),
the virus known to cause AIDS (Acquired
Immune Deficiency Syndrome), is one of
the biggest social, economic and health
challenges in the world. It is a global emer-
gency claiming more than 8,000 lives every
day. In fact, five people die of AIDS every
Doctors Hospital's Distinguished Lec-
ture Series, free health lectures held every
third Thursday of the month, was the venue
for a frank talk that focused on the deadly
illness. Dr Richard Van Tooren, the dis-
tinguished lecturer for the evening, gave an
informative and thought provoking pre-
According to Dr Van Tooren,
HIV/AIDS affects the body instages; there
is a three-week incubation period when
the virus is contracted; it will then show
in the body as cold or flu-like symptoms.
As the immune system is weakened it may
take up to three months for the illness to
clear up. Following this stage is the asymp-
tomatic phase that lasts for nine years.
About three years from your first illness,
such as shingles, etc., you develop AIDS.
Once you have contracted AIDS, it takes
about 1.5 years until the body is totally
destroyed. However, with treatments now
available life can be extended for longer
"Despite some progress against AIDS,
most experts agree that the epidemic is at
an early stage because it seems likely that
a vaccine is far away, still. The vaccine is
there, there are about 29 trials going on
around the world at the moment but none
have been found to be effective, so far.
Therefore the only way to start decreasing
the numbers is through education, pre-
vention and treatment," says Dr Van
"The only way to detect AIDS is by test-
ing, when that is done, if it shows up posi-
tive you should contact your partner, but
unfortunately that does not happen. So
every time I see one person in front of me
with a sexually transmitted disease, which
basically is what HIV is, there are two oth-
ers, so it goes on and on.
"So whatever figures are quoted, they
are just superficial figures," says Dr Van
"In the Bahamas we have, since the HIV
started, some 10,000 cases. In 1990 we were
the highest per capital, because obviously
our reporting system is very good when
compared to Haiti, Jamaica and other
Caribbean countries."
The peak ages for contracting this virus
have been found to be teens to 30 year
olds. Out of 10,000 persons said to be
infected, some 5,000-plus are males, 4,000-
plus are females, 3,500 have died from the
disease and some 6,000 are presently living
in the Bahamas with AIDS, and we have
only probably scratched the surface.
Getting tested for HIV is a smart thing to
do, yet many people refuse to get tested.

;' DR VAN TOOREN speaks during
Doctors Hospital's Distinguished
Lecture Series.

"`~., '~" ~'AAAI

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They find the idea of being tested so fright-
ening they just do not want to do it, even
though they will often continue to be
stressed and worried about whether they
are infected. Others think of testing as
unnecessary because they want to believe
that HIV is something that will not touch
Many times when someone is tested, he
or she happily finds out his or her concern
about being infected was unfounded. Get-
ting the assurance of that negative test
result can provide an enormous relief. For
others, getting tested and learning they are
HIV positive is the first important step

towards staying healthy.
One of the most basic truths about HIV
is that gender, age, race and economic sta-
tus are irrelevant when it comes to vulner-
ability to HIV.
"This virus has no respect for any coun-
try, people, wealth, religion, culture or
whatever," says Dr Van Tooren.
"Anyone can become infected. The HIV
epidemic is going to be with us for a long
time to come. At present there is no cure
for HIV/AIDS, but there are medications
that have proven to be very effective in
keeping HIV-positive people alive longer
and healthier."





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