Material Information

Place of Publication:
Kingston Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica
Abeng Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Physical Description:
1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).

Record Information

Source Institution:
Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location:
Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
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Resource Identifier:
05001780 ( OCLC )
5001780 ( OCLC )


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Full Text


Vol. 1 No. 6 March 8,1969

Price 6d.





"Make no bones about it.
lamaica is a growing country
and growing countries will
have growing pains and the
cre is the Jamaican Defence
These words are reported
to have been spoken by the
Chief of Staff of the Jamaican
Defence Force Brigadier David
Smith, when speaking to mem-
bers of the Natiqnal Reserve
at their headquarters at Wal-
them, Mandeville.
We are never told what
these pains are Yet we are
told our pains will be cured
by the military
Our pains are many One
out of every five persons is
without work. Nearly 100.000
children in the school age
group are out of school. A
handful of foreigners and their
local henchmen control and'
exploit our natural resources
to their own advantage and
to our dis-advantage
The truth is the military
is effectively keeping us out
of reo of these goals. This
is what Toreign military advis-
ers are preparing the Defence
Force for.
Make no bones about it,
the people in control of this
country haveeffectively sho-
wn us that brute force is the
only cure they recommend
when we say NO to our
common suffering.

The Morant Bay police recently
wmnttothe fishing beach at Lyssons
and burnt the hut and belongings
of several Restafarians who are fish-
ermen. The fish which they had
caught were thrown away.The Rasta
farians ere accused of squatting on
Governmets property.
Last week Friday, the day after
the attack, a RIstafarian brother
went to the police station to speak
with the Inspector of Police about
the attack. After leaving the station
four policemen ran him down on
the street beating him with a gun
and sicks.
Those fishermen were planning
tobuy new boat which would cost
them 400. They have been left
destitute by this vicious attack on
their persons and the destruction of
their property.

Our bauxite is owned by four
giant North American companies:
They ship it to their own plants
in the United States and Canada
to be manufactured into alumina,
aluminium and aluminium materials
like sheet and plate.
Therefore must of the em-
ployment and income created by
Jamaican bauxite is created abroad.
We estimate that in 1967 at least
*70,000 jobs were directly created
in the United States and Canada
in the conerson of Jamaican bIuxite
into aluminium parts. Each job
meant an average income of over
2,000 per annum to the employee.
This excludes the jobs created in
manufacturing materials for the pro-
cesses, and the jobs created by thp
expenditure by the workers in these
We could not get this number
of jobs overnight. But we could
make our bauxite begin to provide
much more employment and in-
come for Jamaica than it now does.
First we have to make up
our minds that we shall decide how
our bauxite is to be used; and
ultimately, that we shall enjoy the
profits of production. Since 1950
the companies have made at least
80 million in Jamaican bauxite
and alumina production after taxes

Everyday they ship it away- our rich red earth

paid to the Government. Inis does
not include profits made in convert-
ing the rav material into more
finished products.
The African Republic of
Guinea has started her bauxite in-
dustry by owning 49W of it, with
the foreign companies owning the
rest. Since the industry pays 65%
of its profits as tax, the Govern-
ment of Guinea gets 82 of the
profits in all
The companies will oppose
this, and since they will be sup-

portea Dy me uLovernmments or me
United States and Canada, our
people will have to be united and
firm in their resolve that we shall
control the industry. The struggle
will not be easy. We must make it
a joint struggle with the other Carib-
bean bauxite producers who are
exploited as we are.
Having taken the decisions,
the next step would be to assemble
a team of workers, engineers and
economists to plan the development
of the industry for our benefit. We




The niot squad, with their advanced
weaponry, approached the door of
the computer centre. To their dis-
appointment no resistance was given.
77te students, led by Rosie Douglas,
emerged with their hands clasped
above their head A revolver was
pressed against Rosie's forehead and
the students were escorted to neigh-
bouring classrooms. Several wind-
ows were broken, and the tempera-
ture of the room was lowered to
about 25 degrees Many of the
students had only sweaters on. and
some of these were removed One
police inspector came in and exclaimed. "It is
not cold enough in here. "A female student had
her blanket taken from her. soaked in cold
water. and given back to her "Here negress,
he shouted to the shivering girl Another black
student was beaten, kicked, and dragged along
the floor on his back. Eventually, while he lay
on the ground- the police officer spat in his
face. saving "Bloody nigger, who does he think
he is anyway "
"This display of racism is unbelievable of
Canada. that prides itself as being superior in
rare relations to the United States "Negress

slut, why don't you go back to where you came
from" was typical of the atrocities hurled atour
sisters Another student suffered concussion
after his beating, and had to be given medical
attention But one of the most blatant acts of
racism was seen when one of the police officers
drew a picture of a naked woman on the black-
board, clearly displaying the pubic area, and
saids (pointing to the diagram) "Negress slut.
do you like to do that why do you screw so
much?" ft was interesting to note that these
were not just young, eager cops but grown men.
some in their late thirties The students were
told to put their hands on the wall for three
hours, before they were officially arrested, and
were beaten savagely whenever their weak frozen
hands fell below the level of their heads "
"Canada can no longer deny the racist nature
of their society, and no longer can they criticize
other countries for their racism. Because, at least
in the eyes of the black students involved in
the case, it is very clear that racism goes hand
in hand with whiteness "

^f 00-^
-I-- ,- ji., I-*

could start by deciding that thee
will be no increase in the level
of bauxite exports That increase
in production in the future wi be
manufactured into alumina in
plants majority-owned by the people
of the country.
Next we could shop around the
United States, Britain, West Europe,
and Japan to find someone who will
design, finance and build a giant:
nuclear power plant which will
supply electric power to an aumin-
ium smelter. The plant would
paid for out of the profits it n.'
from selling its power. The s
plant can and should be design
to desalt sea-water so that fre,.
water for households, agriculture
and industry could be provided. The
effect on agriculture alone would
be fantastic.
Then we will be in a podtkon to
build an aluminium plant. We'can
find the capital by saving mre our-
selves, by taxing bauxite export
higher and by borrowing if necea
ary, repaying the loan out of te
profits of the smelter. We can fid
the market by negotiating in North
4a South America, Europe and
Asia there should be many who
would be willing to buy our asbga-
At the same time, we set owr
engineers to find ways and meae
of 'uing aluminium locall t
houses, schools bridges, to estate
automobile industry, to makpll:
lines, pots and pans, beds, fpril
Let us make use of what we had
owning what in righmtuly oun
using it for ou own bettersaet
Let dignity and eonic daveop
meant be marued and let the off;
spring be t t sockly.





Vol. No. March 1969
Vol. 1 No. 5 March 8, 1969

What we are todayis the result of what has
happened in the past What we will be tomorrow
depends on what we do today. It is what we do
that counts. Time has never and will never change
Constitutional independence is not changing
and can never change the system the oppressive
social and economic order. That order has kept
us a dependent and suffering people. We are in
fact not even people as of now. People think for
themselves do things with the resources they
have, and master their environment in the
The system we have inherited forces us
to depend on others for everything for goods
and services (like flour and shipping); for our
values (look how we despise blackness); for our
view of the world ("we too small," "we can't do
without foreign investment" and this kind of
foolishness). The system forces us into
We feel that the majority of people in this
country are not content with this state of nothing-
ness Together this majority can change the
system. But this requires a different concept of
how change comes about To change the system
each person must do something on his own to get
others to work together for change;
We can change the system only by doing.
Not by doing what somebody wants us to do of
doing because a group of men have "solutions."
That is the traditional view of "change." It has
produced nothingness. It is what each man wants
to do and will do that counts. And that is the
direction for real change.
That is what Abeng is about
If the Abeng sounds up to now have
reached you, find others in your area who feel

Dear Abeng.
I mavel at the irony of a
statement made by Prime Minister
Shearer recently in naming some
barracks after Bustamante. He said
that Sir Alexander had achieved
all he set out to do! In saying so
Mr. Shearer has insulted the man
he probably meant to compliment,
besides showing himself blatantly
ignorant of the facts surrounding
Bustamante's detention. I trust the
ABENG will seek to enlighten the
public on the matter.
If, Mr. Shearer and others
were honouring Busramante for the
founding of the Bustamante Indus-
trial Trade Union, based on the idea
ot St. William Grant and Father
Coombs. it would have been under
standable ,but een this achievement
is now being undermined by the
policies of his self-chosen successors
One of Jamaica's biggest
achievements is adult suffrage which
according to the Prime Minister is
synonymous with Black Power-
thus the latter's irrelevancy. But
Bustamante did not achieve adult
suffrage; in fact at the rime he
scorned the idea. Adult suffrage
was mainly the work of Norman
Now what are our other out-
standing achievements, apart from
our theoretical independence? To
name a few: they are poverty,
employment, ignorance illiteracy
Slack of confidence in the bon;
Gdes of our sysem of justice and

george beckford
robert hill
horace levy
rupert lewis

the same way and organize your own group. The
group can begin working by sending news reports
and taking charge of distributing the paper in
your area. Half our problem is that the system
has never given us a chance to organize our own
lives. So that is where we must begin organiza-
tion for work. To work for ourselves; not for
anybody else, as usual. This way, we build up
opportunities and confidence to take complete
charge of this society and run it ourselves for
our own benefit

Abeng assemblies are being organised as
from next week on a monthly basis On every
such occasion, we will start to reason together.
But brothers and sisters everywhere can start
now. Those of us producing the paper can only
go to these assemblies to help discussion, not to
lecture and tell people what to do.

And so the work for real change begins
The newspaper and the assemblies will provide
the means for communication for organization,
for working for ourselves. Understanding and
confidence will come. Then Jamaicans will be
able to take charge of our country and its
resources and our lives. That is the task we have
set ourselves. Abeng supporters must do their
part now.

As Garvey said long ago:

"Other peoples think for us and we work,
for them, We are exploited. This must cease
Let us pause and assimilate this. Let us
think for ourselves and work for ourselves.
In no other way can we be self-respecting
and respected."


a lopsided economy. Still I hasten
to add the feeling of frustration.
disillusionment, and hopelessness
which have only recently been given
Mr. Shearer's animation of
Bustamante achieved honourcas iuazn
No wonder he accepted the 'honour'
of Privy Councillor. For in these
days when the handing out of honor
is nothing more than bribery, ex-
pediency or convenience, to make
it sound honourable, the politician
who at the end of his career has not
received an accumulation of them
cannot be a national hero!.
ABENG, keep he facts exposed
and blowing. Some of them are
going to hutg real bad, but we can
hardly be hurt worse than we are
Dear Abeng,
Having read your weekly pub-
lication I cannot hesitate to say
how much ABENG has been a close
friend and education. ABENG has
been able to throw the lone wanted
light so man of our people were
thirsty for the truth particuarl
we the people who are giving in the
country part. I sincerely hope that
you wl always be with us.
Yours etc.
S St. Mary,

Albion P.A.,
Montego Bay,
21. 2. 69.

Some dtme ago the inaugura-
tion of the "ABENG" was broad-
casted over R.J.R. After hearing
the names of certain individuals in-
volved, I was immediately attrac-
ted to it, because I suspected you'd
be dealing mostly with issues that
mattered to the sufferers in the
land, who are mostly blac. Quite
luckily, 1 got hold of the Feb. 8th
publication, which confirmed my
'Great' is too simple an ad-
jective to discribe the paper I read,
and if all the papers printed in the
future are up to the same stan-
dard it should blow daily in about
two years.
The circulation of the ABENG
is inevitable and I am ready as an
individual to help with its distribu-
don in this town and will send
you information of existing condi-
tions here, worthy of printing.
I come short, however, of suf-
Ficient information on the paper.
Would you be pleased to have me
advised immediately as to how one
should identify one's self in the
case of fund-raising, or seeking in-
lormation as a reoorter.
You have my tull support in
this wonderful effort and I am hop-
ing to hear from you soon.
I am etc.



Marcus ]


Billions of human beings have come on the march from the
cradle to the grave, but very few hve found a place to
leave behind as a permanent structure Among the few who
have found a place we call their names sry day became
thema are no other names to call...There is nothing like
chance; there is nothing like luck in moulding one's life, in
moulding one's character for service to the community, for
service to the race, to the nation, for service to humanity..
There is no luck. There is but man's personality, and me's
character to rise or fall, to be king or peasant, to be master
or slave, to be hero or coward....It is character, it is man's
will, it is man's determination; and you the common people
must be educated out of the idea that your place in life
must come by chance or by luck. It must come by your own determine-
tion, by your own will.
"And so the UNIA desires to inspire the black people of the world
to forget the idea of luck and chance and play the pat of men in taking
your place in the great province of the universe. Your place is what you
make it; your structure is what you will build. Make your place and
build your structure-a structure that will last, that will be permanent,
as other men have build.
"I challenge any man (since God Almighty gave knowledge
equally) to have a greater vision of the future than I would select of
myself. I realize there is no limit in life placed upon man; but as I have
said before, the limit of playing to be God. All that God ever created
in tie world was man not kings and princes, not presidents, not
ambassadors, and generals and statesmn.... And since creation, man
who is intelligent, man who is conscious of himself has organized the
world to suit himself with principalities and powers; and you who have
come into the world at a later stage have naturally accepted the know
ledge that exists. You have the same right to do the same as others did;
and therefore Marcus Garvey challenges any man in the world to make
him a slave. To hell with any man who thinks he has divine right and
power to reduce me to a slave; I say to hell with him to the remotest
part of hell with him, whomsoever he happens to be.
"There is no power in the universe but the power of God and the
power of man where God does not interfere. Man has absolute power
whether white or black and as white men have set up power, as yellow
men have set up their Empires and Creation, by the Gods that be,
black men in the Twentieth Century shall set up their Creation; and to
hell with the man who says that it can't be done. There is no chance;
there is no luck. It is character, it is will; it is man's disposition to do.
"And so intelligently and culturally we call upon the 400 million
black men, women and children in the world to realize that the hour
for Africa has come, and the hour for Princes to co out of Egypt has
come. The hour for Ethiopia to stretch forth her hands unto God has
coma, and you need make no apology to any man on earth...
Sunday, April 21, 1929 -
Speech given at Edelweis Park.

FALMOUTH POLICE chains and whip bat we are not
Hello Abeng, free from victimzatio and poverty
On Monday Feb. 25th, the We are asking all aurrbises and
Falmouth Water Supply Scheme sisters to keep the eg high.
gets underway. Three youths of Fal We may be week in weat bt we
mouth went to the project to seek are strongin faith. Onelove.
bread. After waiting for about two
and a half hour Councillor Simp- THE SUFFERING
son told us we must go to the Govt YOUTHS OF PALMOUTH.
Bureau and get re tered. On Tues
day we went back to the project JAMAICA UNIUE
and we were told the same thing. To The Editor
We decided tgo back to the Bu- Abeng.
reau only to be told, the people Si
responsible have not gee in toueh
ith them as We decided to Plcass pei t sme spce m
go to the office and staslby in ynus mo i vauable muis to ea-
case they would want caual woe- pre pilf-siuapPieci to
kers. Police appoach, sold y.S W
us we have no ght to marec. en hav ionai t ta 1 oId
we exp t6 i- w Tr a'newm tend in modern.ouna-
We explned bins wJwer ica.
nor marching. He t4i&u- he dr"/t Jaus t a uresqun pen-
case, we ests get off the ster"o a For li-
or hey winll have to ii ot idow n i : .?l W am e
and who dead. dead iblive twon yia ii mase pin
have any -ue The protest pl 5 A
read as foall-os "We Want Wars'' tally rnt ish eaon.
" aNo Work Fp Fa omnoth Ya d E i cBtn or the The
At Water Project "Opa prep n o cef oe of the geatet
the Yosiag Geciration." men of al diem Marcus Garey,
Abeng take noe: Falmouth and today, a hot-bed of weeen
wa the last pla be fa b f rom tcod ieo. ).

__LI __ ~~ _

The West Indies have always
been a part of white capitalist soc-
iety. We have been the most op-
pressed section because we were a
slave society and the legacy of sla-
very still rests heavily upon the
West Indian black man. The road
to black power here in the West
Indies and everywhere else must
begin with a revaluation bf our-
selves as blacks and with a redifini-
tion of the world from our stand-
point. I will briefly point to five
highlights of our west Indian past.
Slavery in the West Indies
started as an economic concern
rather than a racial one. But it
rapidly became racist because all
white labour was withdrawn from
the fields, leaving black to be iden-
tified with slave labour and white
to be linked with property and
domination. Out of this situation
where blacks had an inferior sta-
tus in practice, there grew social
and scientific theories relating to
the supposed inherent inferiority
of the black man, who was consi-
dered as having been created to
bring water and hew wood for the
white man. This theory then served
to justify white exploitation of
blacks all over Africa and Asia. The
West Indies and the American
South share the dubious distinc-
tion of being the breeding ground
for world racialism. Naturally, our
own society provided the highest
expression of racialims. Even the
blacks became convinced of their
own inferiority, though fortunately
we are capable of the most intense
expressions when we recognise that
we have been duped by the white
Black Power recognises both
the reality of black oppression and
self-negarton f well as the potential
for revolts

don those systems. The Slave Trade
and Slavery were thus end-d; but
Britain had to consider how to
squeeze what little remained in the
territories and how to maintainthe
local whites in power. They there
fore decided to give the planters
20 million compensation and to
guarantee- their black labour sup-
plies for the next six years through
a system called apprenticeship. In
that period, white society consoli-
dated its position to ensure that
slave relations should persist in our
The Rastafari bretheren have
always insisted that the black
people were given 20,000,000 at
emancipation. In reality, by any
normal standard of justice, we
black people should have got the
20 million compensation money.
We were the ones who had been
abused and wronged, hunted in
Africa and brutalized on the planta
tions. In Europe, when serfdom was
abolished, the serfs sually inheri-
ted the land as compensation and
by right. In the West Indies, the
exploiters were compensated be-
cause they could no longer exploit
us in the same way as before. White
property was of greater value than
black humanity. It still is. White
property is of greater value than
black humanity in the British West
Indies today, especially in Jamaica.
Britain and the white West

EMANCIPATION Indians had to maintain the planta-
tion system in order to keep white
By the end of the 1ath cen- supreme. When Africans started
tury, Britain had got most of what leaving the plantations to set up as
it wanted from black labour inthe independent peasants they threaten-
West Indies. Slavery and the slave ed the plantation structure and
trade had made Britain strong and therefore Indians and Chinese were
,now stood in the way of new deve- imported. That was possible be-
hlopments, so it was time to aban- cause white power controlled most

of the world and could move non-
white peoples around as they
wished. It was the impact of Bri-
tish commercial, military and poli-
tical policies that was destroying
the life and culture of 19th cen-
tury India and forcing people to
flee to other parts of the world to
earn bread. Look where Indians
fled to'- the West Indies! The West
Indies is a place black*people want
to leave, not to come to.
Slavery ended in various
islands of the West Indies between
1834 and 1838. Exactly one
hundred years later the black
people in the West Indies revolted
against the hypocritical freedom of
the society. The British were very
surprised. They had long forgotten
all about the blacks in the British
West Indies so they sent a Royal
Commission to find out what it was
all about The report of the condi
ions was so shocking that the
British Government did not release
it until after the war, because it
wanted black colonials to fight the
white man's battles. By the time
the war ended it was clear in the
West Indies and throughout Asia,
and Africa that some confessions
would have to be made to black
One must appreciate the
pressure of white power on India
which gave rie to migration to the
West Indies Indians were brought
here solely in the interest of white
society, at the expense of Africans
already in the West Indies and often
against their own best interests.
For Indians perceived imported
labour to be a form of slavery and
it was eventually terminated
through the pressure of Indian
opinion in the homeland. The West
Indies has made a unique contri-
bution to the history of suffering
in the world, and Indians have
provided part of that contribution
since they were first introduced
there This is another aspect of the
historical situation which is still
with us.

In that year Britain found a
way of perpetuating White Power
in the West Indies after ruthlessly
crushing the revolt of our black
brothers led by Paul Bogle. The
British Government took away the
constitution of Jamrica and placed
the island under the complete con-
trald of the Colonial Office a masuevie
that was racially motivated. The
Jamaican legslature weas then largely
in the hands of the local whites
with a mulatto minority, but if
the gradual changes continued the
mulattoes would have taken control
and the blacks were next in line.

When we look at the British
Empire in the 19th century, we see
a clear difference between white
colonies and black colonies. In the
white colonies like Canada and Aus-
tralia the British were giving white
white people their freedom and self-
rule. In the black colonies of the
West Indies, Africa and Asia the
British were busy taking away the
politicalfreedom of the inhabitants.
Actually, on the constitutional level,
Britain had already displayed its
racialism in the West Indies in the
early 19th century when it refused
to give mulattoes the power of
S Government in Trinidad, although
they were the majority of free
mi citizens. In 1865 in Jamaica it was
not the irst nor the last time on
which Britain made it clear that its

I he Government of Jamaica recognizes Black Power"

white "kith and kin" would be
supported to hold dominion over
In general, the problem as
seen by white imperialists was to
give enough power to certain groups
in colonial society to keep the
whole society from exploding and
to maintain the essentials of the
imperialist structure. In the British
West Indies, they had to take into
account the question of military
strategy, because we lie under the
belly of the world's imperialist giant
the U.S.A. Besides, there was the
new and vital mineral, bauxite,
which had to be protected. The
British solution was to pull out
wherever possible and leave the
imperial government in the hands
of the U.S.A., while the local
government was given to a white,
brown and black petty- bourgeoisie
who were culturally the creations
of white capitalist society and who
therefore support the white imperia-
list system because they gain
personally and because they have

been brainwashed into aiding the
oppression of black people.
The present government
knows that Jamaica is a black man's
country. That is why Garvey has
been made a national hero, for they
are trying to deceive black people
into thinking that the government
is with them. The government of
Jamaica recognises black power. It
is afraid of the potential wrath of
Jamaica's black and largely African
Black Power in the West
Indies means three closely related

1) The break with imperialism
which is historically white racist
2) The assumption of power by
the black masses in the islands.
3) The cultural reconstruction of
of the society in the image of the
These are the areas with
which we as black people must
concern ourselves hereafter.

a car with four drunken policemen
from the Elletson Road police
station terrorised the youth of
Brown's Town, Eastern Kingston,
most brutally. At about 230p.m.
a white Austin car came full speed
up Bryden Street, slowed doan at
the corner of Bryden and Graham
Streets then immediately the police
opened gun-fire at a group of un-
employed youth who frequent
that comer. The youths had to
jump fences and run for their lives.
The police circkJ the area andmet
a young man who is a student of
Kingston College going on his way
They stopped their car, jumped out
and started punching and kicking
the youth with hate on their faces
The policemen were so drunk that
they could hardly stand up. Often
they had to be leaning on their
car They beat the youth and then
released him and told him to stay
off the streets
Brown's Town, an area in cen-
tral Kingston, which is the
constituency of the leader of the

Opposition, was once the strong-
hold of the dirty politicians Youths
from the area were rewarded with
long prison sentences for'acts they
committed for the swines
But now the progresive youths of
this area have taken over and the
politicians no longer have any say
here Where there used to be pol-
tical slogans on fte wall you now
ase rtc power afl rsf
The youth of this arw know
that this and other vicious attacks
by the police is the work of the
politicians who seeing the direction
of the youth are afraid and have
set the police onus The politicians
and their lackeys are trying to des
troy the progressive youths of
Brown's Town because the youth
will not side with them in their
deeds We the youth of
this area know that ABENG will
expose these dirty attacks fearlessly
because we know that ABENG is
the Sufferers' own



by Walter Rodney


With the Compliments of











The latest repressive act of lan
Smith's illegal regime in Rhodesia
is the sentencing to six years' imp
rironment of the Rev. Ndabaningi
Sithole, leader of the Zimbabwe
Afican National Union. Sithole had
already been held in prison without
trial for about four years because fo
his desire to see his country ruled
vo a government which represents
A1 ,!fronmirt an

called not Rhodesia. after the British
apitalist Cecil Rhodes, but Zim-
babwe, an ancient Atrican name.
There are 220,000 whites in
Zimbabwe and 4,200,000 blacks.
The whites are there because in 1893
the) stole the land from the blacks,
and although Zimbabwe is a British
colony Britain has allowed the white
minority to have complete control
of the country since 1923. They
have used this control to make them-
selves rich by exploiting cheap black
Most of the Africans live in the
rural areas, but the Land Apportion-
ment Act gives only 44 million acres
to the blacks and 36 million to the
ahiTes Thus there is less than ten
acres for every African and nearly
150 for every white; moreover, the
best land is in the white areas and
much of the black land is useless.
Afrcan s mal only live in certain
rural areas and certain parts of the
towns, in other words on the poor
land and in the slums.
What about education? Smith
boasts that 90 per cent of African
children are in school. Maybe; a
slave who can read and write is more
efficient than one who is rlliteiate,
in modern economic conditions. Ten
times as much is spent on education
for white children as lor black, and
the schools reserved for whites only
are much better equipped and staff-
ed than those for the black children.
The goserninent is. of course
controlled hb the white Irinority
Theo hase 50 mienLher' of Parlia-

ment to represent them and the
blacks, nearly seventeen times more
numerous, have fifteen. In fact most
black people eligible to vote refuse
to do so. and only black men the
whitesregarda hanrmess get elected.
In the rural areas the traditional
chiefs, who are supposed to look
after the interests of their people,
are in fact Smith's "house slaves".
helping their master exploit the poor
people. Many of the chiefs have to
have armed bodyguards, yet Smith
claims that they are supported by
the majority of their people!
African political parties are dec-
lared to be illegal, and all the nation-
alist leaders, like Sithole or Joshua
Nkomo (leader of the Zimbanwe
African Peoples Union) are in goal.
The black police continually terror-
ise the people on behalf of their
white masters. The Law and Order
(Maintenance) Act, which has been
condemned by the International
Commission of nluists, prevents the
African nationalists even from peace-
fully resisting the white minority
government. The penalty for a peace-
ful demonstration can be up to ten
years in gaol.
In answer to all this oppression
ZANU and ZAPU have taken to
arms, and launched a guerrilla war
against Smith's government. Next
week we will look at the problems
involved in this new stage of the
battle being fought by black people
in Zimbabwe.

SJanaica s No 1 Radio & TV Personality
E* rEOINGS Phone 26272
- ST W 24OwS

The GLEANER caption above
the announcement of Kaiser Corp-
oration's intention to launch invest-
ments in fields other than bauxite
But Kaiser is not doing Janrica
any favours. Investors invest for
profit. Any side benefits that arise
for the county are incidental MIort
over big companies like Kaiser invest
where there are prospects of big
profits They expect, in the not-too-
long run, to make back in profits
more than thev invested originally.
The kinds of investments Kaiser is
contemplating, are well within local
capabilities to undertake. They hold
no hidden benefits by way of intro-
duction of new skills
A second point is that Kaiser is
an American company a foreign
company. Their investment in Ja-
maica implies foreign ownership of
another piece of Jamaica. It means
another piece of Jamaica that is
governed by decisions made abroad
where the firm has its headquarters;
not in Jamaica, and not necessarily
in Jamaica's interest This is a gen
eral evil associated with foreign
The press announcement states
i parr

Last week.the PNP again proved
"Industries with underdeveloped that it has nothing new to offer.
export potential or industries Sunday's "dramatic and revealing
where imports could be reduced statement", the "matter of life and
through economical domestic death", was a call for yet another
production will be prime areas aste-of-time Commission.
for consideration by the new. .
company." Over and over these Commissions
on which dve-ownns. officials or
Further on. agriculture and food their friends at, rie to subdue
pressing are mentioned high up prtest by raising people's
on the list of potential fields for -ha Ptmthe y -asLiser Pthing
investment. hopattheywoulseteerything
right But from Moyne to Ma42fenti
The point to be noted is that right. Butfrom MyntoMi fand
there are profitable investment opp- learn that Comi o
ortunities in agriculture after all! for the big men of this countr can
Of course, in true colonial fashion. never get rid of the Pharoah-rule
we would never believe such invest- which put the Commission there in
ments desirable unless someone the first place and which is one roof
from overseas says that they are. ofour trouble.
Thus the Sugar Manufacturers Asso- I addition the trouble with
ciation. the Mordecai Commission Manl commission is that if it
and a certain newspaper columnist nes Comm i tht pf it
have said all along that sugar is our ever got accepted it might prepare
only hope in agriculture. et your anew wave of "nonpartisan" police
sweet life Kaiser won't plant one oppression. Otherwise why does
stlk of sugar-ane. Manley want to enquire into the
A Jamaican Government must "state of preparedness of the Police
plah and direct the kind of agricul- foce"?
tural development programme that No doubt we are seeing the usual
is aimed at servicing local needs- both sides tactics the well-off,
While we have been busy feeding worried by Manley's civil disobed-
foreigners, we have barely kept our- ie, speech re now eassued by
selves fed- "Horse a starve while the Crime Commision statement.
corn a go to waste." Time to take But if sufferers are to take Manley
charge and undertake our own de- seriously, let his Commission invest-
velopment in our own interests. .




Six youths were walking to
Eight Street down west last Satur-
day, when they were taken into
custody by the Denham Town
police. At the station five of them
were detained and one charged for
Sonmc of the youths were
seaomdar) school students The police

asked them. "What boys like you
doing down here?" Four or mem
were detained for 45 minutes then
released. Neville Howell was held
from 1.30 that Saturday afternoon
until 8 o'clock in the night. Neville,
who has been acquitted of 12
charges made against him was not
charged this time.

(See last week ABENG'S "Police Victimize Youth" for full accoaont
of Neville Howell's history of Police persecution.)

Latest in Fashions

I Slipe RoadW
T7,rrigtrc Bridge.
King,iton Telephone 24738-


Phone 36749 THE PEOPLE
Textile, Redy-to-Wear, Knitwier and Footwear 7.30 .M. "TOURISM OR HOUSE-

TeL 22778 Prop. S.O. GUNTLEY SLAVERY?"

against the people. But that would
be disloyal opposition, and the PNP
is loyal opposition.

(Con'd fom P. 2)
deceit and treachery against the
black man.
It is under such circumstances
your arrival on the scene is mosi
timely. The division of the black
man by political parties and other
organisations, is but a subtle movd
to keep him enslaved mentally and
to retain white supremecy.
It is to the task of freeing
black humanity, and to restore ii
to a position of dignity, that tho
great Marus lived and fought. It is
for those of us who come afer, pu
duty to see the struggle through
and final vicory won.
I am pleased at the many
Garvey quotations ib your journal
I intend to send you a copy of
African Fundamentalism. I would
be grateful if you could publish
each week a paragraph of so inspire
ing a document.
Yours truly,
Cyril Stewart.
9 Oakyood Ave..
Maverly P A.
27. 2. 1969.

eLt A. Hill SeIcri1ry. w o dingr at 11 1 CEalc A nitA 6sai i in. d. til lrh. 19

by Omo Ogun

Sunday at 2.00 p.m.
Upper FIhw Ngar, BSston St

4 Collins Grem Asp.; Kitson S
Please enter mtotr a silfaption't ABENG NATIONAL WEEKLY
hginning with Vo.1 N-.. .l sAhos slcrieifqir I one year (I2/-
S1 two years (45/-)( i Special student ran (Wi for one year.

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